Chapter 1

Opener: © Cyberimage /Tony Stone; P. 2: © L. Kolvoord/The Image Works; F1.1: Andreas Vesalius, 2nd book, De Humani Corporis Fabrica,1543; F1.3: ©The McGraw-Hill Companies/Carol D. Jacobson Ph.D., Dept. of Veterinary Anatomy, Iowa State University; F1A: © Alexander Tsiaras/Photo Researchers; F1B: © Lutheran Hospital/Peter Arnold; F1C: SPL/Photo Researchers; Fl.19a(1): © Patrick J. Lynch/Photo Researchers; F1.19b(1): ©Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F1.19c(1): © A. Glauberman/ Photo Researchers.

Chapter 2

Opener: © Leonard Lessin/Peter Arnold; F2A: © Mark Antman/The Image Works; F2Ba: ©SIU/Peter Arnold; F2.22a-e: Courtesy of John W. Hole Jr.; F2.22f: Courtesy of Ealing Corporation; F2Da: ©SPL/Photo Researchers; F2Db: © CNRI/SPL/Photo Researchers; F2E: From M.I. Posner, 10/29/93,"Seeing the Mind," Science-262:673,fig1, ©AAAS/Photo, Marcus Raichle.

Chapter 3

Opener: © P.M. Motta, G.Macchiarelli, S.A.Mottola/SPL /Photo Researchers; F3.4: © W. Omerod/Visuals Unlimited; F3.5: ©Robert Blecker/Custom Medical Stock Photo; F3.5b-c: © R. Roseman/Custom Medical Stock Photo; F3.06a: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F3.10a: © Dr. Don Fawcett/Photo Researchers; F3.11a: © Gordon Leedale/Biophoto Associates; F3.13a: © Bill Longcore/Photo Researchers; F3.14: © K. G. Murti/Visuals Unlimited; F3.15a: ©Don W. Fawcett/Visuals Unlimited; F3.16a: ©Michael Gabridge/Visuals Unlimited; F3.17: ©Manfred Kage/Peter

Arnold; F3.18: ©M. Schliwa/Visuals Unlimited; F3.19b: © K.G. Murti/Visuals Unlimited; F3.20b: © Don W. Fawcett/Visuals Unlimited; F3.25a-c: © David M. Phillips/Visuals Unlimited; F3.36 & F3.38-42b: © Ed Reschke; F3.43a-c: From Scanning Electron Microscopy in Biology by R.G. Kessel & C.Y. Shih, © 1976 SpringerVerlag; F3A: © AP/Wifde World Photos; F3.45: © Dr. Tony Brain/SPL/Photo Researchers.

Chapter 4

Opener: © Bruce Curtis/Peter Arnold; F4.19b: Courtesy of Ealing Corporation; F4A: Courtesy March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation.

Chapter 5

Opener: National Library of Medicine/Visible Human Project; F5.1b: © Ed Reschke; F5.2b: © Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold; F5.3b: © Manfred Kage/Peter Arnold; F5.4: © Fawcett, Hirokawa, Heuser/Photo Researchers; F5.5b: © Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold; F5.6b: © Fred Hossler/Visuals Unlimited; F5.7-8b, 5.9a-b: © Ed Reschke; F5.12: © Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold; F5.13: © David M. Phillips/Visuals Unlimited; F5.14: © Manfred Kage/Peter Arnold, Inc.; F5.15: © Veronica Burmeister/Visuals Unlimited; F5.16: ©P. Motta/SPL/Photo Researchers; F5.17: © St. Mary's Hospital Medical School/SPL/Photo Researchers; F5.18b: © Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold; F5.19b: © Cabisco/Visuals Unlimited; F5.20b: © Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold; F5.21b: © Ed Reschke; F5.22b: © John D. Cunningham /Visuals Unlimited; F5.23b: © Fred Hossler/Visuals Unlimited; F5.24b: © Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold; F5.25b: ©R. Calentine/Visuals Unlimited; F5.26b: © Victor B. Eichler; F5.27b: © Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold; F5.28-29b: © Ed Reschke; F5.30b: © Manfred Kage/Peter Arnold; F5.31b: Ed Reschke; F5A: Courtesy

Organogenesis Inc.; F5B: Courtesy of CytoTherapeutics.

Chapter 6

Opener: Owen Franken/Stock Boston; F6.1: ©The McGraw-Hill Companies/Carol D. Jacobson Ph.D., Dept. of Veterinary Anatomy, Iowa State University; F6.3b: © Ed Reschke; F6.4: © Victor B. Eichler Ph.D.; F6.5a: © M. Schliwa/Visuals Unlimited; F6A: © Kenneth Greer/Visuals Unlimited; F6B: © SPL/Photo Researchers; F6.6b: © Victor B. Eichler Ph.D.; F6.7: ©CNRI/SPL/Photo Researchers; F6C: © Mark Richards/Photo Edit; F6.9: © Per H. Kjeldsen, University of Michigan; F6.10: © Ed Reschke; F6D: © Kenneth Greer/Visuals Unlimited; F6.13: © Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago (#A118); F6.16a: © Kjell Sandved/Visuals Unlimited; F6.16b: © Gunther/Explorer/Photo Researchers.

Chapter 7

Opener: © Alfred Pasieka/SPL /Photo Researchers; F7.3a: © Lester Bergman & Associates; F7.3b-c: Courtesy of John W. Hole Jr.; F7.4: © R.G. Kessel & R..H. Kardon, Tissues and Organs: A Text-Atlas of Scanning Electron Microscropy, 1979 (W.H. Freeman & Co.); F7.6a: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F7.6b: Courtesy of Dr. Francis Collins; F7.7: ©Secchi, Lecaque, Roussel, Uclaf, CNRI/SPL/Photo Researchers; F7.9b: © Victor B. Eichler Ph.D.; F7.10: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F7.11: © James L. Shaffer; F7.12: Courtesy of John W. Hole Jr.; F7.32a: © LunaGraphix/Photo Researchers; F7.32b: © Dave Roberts/Science Photo Library/Photo Researchers; F7.37: ©Dr. Kent M. Van De Graaff; F7.40b: © Victor B. Eichler Ph.D.; F7.42b: Courtesy of Eastman Kodak; F7.44d: © Martin Rotker; F7.47b: © Ed Reschke;F7.48: ©Dr. Charles Eaton/e-hand Electronic Textbook of Hand Surgery

(; 7.49c,52a,55a: © Martin Rotker; F7.56b: © Ted Conde; F7.57a-b: Courtesy of Pat Hesse.

Chapter 8

Opener: Courtesy of Dr. Bruce Rothschild, Director Arthritis Center of NE Ohio; F8.3a-b: Courtesy of John W. Hole Jr.; F8.13-15b: © Paul Reimann; F8.17a-b:Courtesy of John W. Hole Jr.; F8.18-20b: © Paul Reimann; F8B: © 1996 C.R.Wheeless/ Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics; F8.22a&b: © Science/Visuals Unlimited.

Chapter 9

Opener: © AP/Wide World Photos; F9.3: © Ed Reschke; F9.5a-9.8b: © H. E. Huxley; F9.17b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies/ Carol D. Jacobson Ph.D., Dept. Veterinary Anatomy, Iowa State University; F9.19: © Dr. Paul Heidger, University of Iowa College of Medicine; P. 356/Top Left: ©NABF website/Tracie Tucker; P. 356/Top Right: © Tony Duffy/Allsport USA;P. 356/Bottom: © WNBF Gallery online/Steve Weiger.

Chapter 10

Opener: © Dr. Mark Mattson, University of Kentucky, College of Medicine; F10.1: © Ed Reschke; F10.4b: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F10.5: © Dr. Dennis Emery, Dept. of Zoology & Genetics, Iowa State University; F10.9: ©R.G. Kessel & R..H. Kardon, Tissues and Organs: A Text-Atlas of Scanning Electron Microscropy, 1979 (W.H. Freeman & Co.); F10.18c: © Don Fawcett/Photo Researchers; F10A: © Kobal Collection; F10B: Courtesy American Medical Association.

Chapter 11

Opener: © John Allison/Peter Arnold ; F11Ba-b: © Dr. Kent M. Van De Graff; F11.6b: ©Per H. Kjeldsen; F11D: © AP/Wide World Photos; F11E: © M. Abbey Photo Researchers; F11.23: ©Martin Rotker/Photo Researchers; F11.25: © R.G. Kessel & R..H. Kardon, Tissues and Organs: A Text-Atlas of Scanning Electron Microscropy, 1979 (W.H. Freeman & Co.).

Chapter 12

Opener: © Richard Hutchings/Photo Researchers; F12.2a-b: © Ed Reschke; F12.7: © Dwight Kuhn; F12.9: © Victor B. Eichler Ph.D.; F12.16b: © Fred Hossler/Visuals Unlimited; F12.21: ©Dean E. Hillman; F12.29: © SPL/Photo Researchers; F12.35: © Per H. Kjeldsen; F12.36a: © Carroll Weiss/Camera M.D, Studios; F12.40c: © Frank S. Werblin.

Chapter 13

Openers a-b: Courtesy of Eli Lilly & Company Archives; F13A: © Gianni Giansanti/Corbis-

Sygma; F13Ba-d: © Reprinted by permission of publisher from: Albert Mendeloff, "Acromegaly, diabetes, hypermetabolism, proteinura and heart failure" American Journal ofMedicine:20:1, 01-'56, p.l35/©by Excerpta Medica, Inc.; F13.17: © Fred Hossler/Visuals Unlimited; F13.19-20: From R. H. Kampmeier & T.M. Blake, Physical Examination in Health and Disease, ©1952 F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia ; F13.21: © Lester Bergman & Associates; F13.23: © R.Calentine/Visuals Unlimited; F13.27: © Ed Reschke.

Chapter 14

Opener: © Ken Edward/Science Source/Photo Researchers; F14.3b: ©J. & L. Weber/Peter Arnold; F14.4b: © Bill Longcore/Photo Researchers; F14.8a-b;14.09-11: © Ed Reschke; F14.12: © R. Kessel/Visuals Unlimited; F14.13: © Ed Reschke; F14Aa-b: © John Forsythe/Visuals Unlimited; F14.18: © SPL/Photo Researchers; F14.20a-b: © Carroll H. Weiss/Camera M.D. Studios; F14C: © Biopharm (USA) Limited, 1994.

Chapter 15

Opener: © D.W. Fawcett/Photo Researchers; F15.2: © A. & F. Michler/Peter Arnold; F15.7a,15.8: © McGraw-Hill Higher Education/University of Michigan Biomedical Communications; F15.13: © Courtesy of Eastman Kodak; F15.26: © R.G. Kessel & R..H. Kardon, Tissues and Organs: A Text-Atlas of Scanning Electron Microscropy, 1979 (W.H. Freeman & Co.); F15.28b-c,15.29: © D. W. Fawcett; F15.31a: © Ed Reschke; 15.31b: © Victor B. Eichler Ph.D.; F15Ea-d: Courtesy of the American Heart Association; F15.36a-b: From Patricia Phelps and J. Luft, "Electron study of relaxation and constriction in frog arterioles," American Journal of Anatomy 125:409, fig 2-3, © 1969, Wiley-Liss, a division of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Reprinted by permission; F15H: © NASA; F15.45b: © Dr. Kent M. Van De Graff; F15.47: From J. Dankmeijer, H.G. Lambers & J.M.F. Landsmeer, Practische Ontleedkunde, Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema Publishers, Netherlands; F15Ja: © AP/Wide World Photos.

Chapter 16

Opener © Photo Works/Photo Researchers; F16.1: © Jim Olive/Peter Arnold; F16.3: © Ed Reschke; F16.5: Courtesy of Eastman Kodak; F16.9b: ©John Watney/Photo Researchers; F16.10: © Dr. Kent M. Van De Graff; F16.13: © John D. Cunningham/Visuals Unlimited; F16.15: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; 16.17: Courtesy of Dr. Etienne de Harven & Miss Nina Lampen, The Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research; F16.18b: © Manfred Kage /Peter Arnold; F16A: Courtesy of Shering-Plough Corp./Photo by Phillip A. Harrington;

F16.24b: © Lennart Nilsson/Bonnierforlagen; F16B: © Zeva Oelbaum/Peter Arnold.

Chapter 17

Opener: © P. Motta/SPL/Photo Researchers; F17.8: Courtesy of John W. Hole Jr.; F17.9b: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F17A: © SPL/Photo Researchers; F17.12a,c: © Bruce Iverson; F17.12b: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F17.16: © Ed Reschke; F17.18: © Dr. Kent M. Van De Graff; F17.20: © Ed Reschke; F17.29c: © Victor B. Eichler, Ph.D.; F17.31: © Carroll Weiss/Camera M.D. Studios; F17. 34: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology; F17.38: © Manfred Kage/Peter Arnold; F17.39b: © Keith Porter; F17.46: © James L. Shaffer; F17.48: © Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold; F17.49: © Ed Reschke; F17B: © Susan Leavines/Photo Researchers; F17C: From Leonard V. Crowley, Introduction to Human Disease 3rd edition, fig.23:22/© 1992, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, Boston. Reprinted by permission.

Chapter 18

Opener: © Tony Freeman/Photo Edit; P. 738: © AP/Wide World Photos; F18.8a: © Bob Daemmrich/The Image Works; F18.8b: © Bruce Curtis/Peter Arnold; F18.10: © World Health Organization; F18.17b: © Fred Hossler/Visuals Unlimited; F18.17c: © CNRI/Phototake; F18.20: © Corbis-Reuters/Bettmann; F18.21a: © Charles O. Cecil/Visuals Unlimited; F18.21b: © John Bryson/Rapho Division/Photo Researchers; F18A: From

B. T. Burton and W. R. Foster: "Health Implications of Obesity, and NIH Consensus Conference." Copyright © The American Dietetic Association. Reprinted by permission from Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 85: 1985, 1117-21.

Chapter 19

Opener: © Manfred Kage/Peter Arnold; P. 779: Courtesy of BRK Brand/First Alert; F19Aa-b: Used with permission of the American Cancer Society; F19B: © Moredun Animal Health/SPL/Photo Researchers; F19.4a-b: Courtesy of Eastman Kodak; F19,7c: © CNRI/Phototake; F19.10: © Ed Reschke; F19.13: © John Watney Photo Library; F19.15: ©Dwight Kuhn; F19.17: © R.G. Kessel & R..H. Kardon, Tissues and Organs: A Text-Atlas of Scanning Electron Microscropy, 1979 (W.H. Freeman & Co.); F19.18: Courtesy of the American Lung Association; F19.27: ©Edward Lettau/Photo Researchers; F19Ca-b: © Victor B. Eichler, Ph.D.; F19.32: Courtesy of the American Lung Association; F19.34: From John F. Murray, The Normal Lung 2nd edition/© W.B. Saunders Company; F19D(1-2): © CNRI/Phototake.

Shier-Butler-Lewis: I Back Matter I Credits I I © The McGraw-Hill

Human Anatomy and Companies, 2001

Physiology, Ninth Edition

Chapter 20

Opener: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; P. 820: © Edward Lettau/Photo Researchers; F20.2: © CNRI/SPL/Photo Researchers; F20.6b: © Lester Bergman and Associates; F20.7a: © R.G. Kessel & R..H. Kardon, Tissues and Organs: A Text-Atlas of Scanning Electron Microscropy, 1979 (W.H. Freeman & Co.); F20.7b: Courtesy of R. B. Wilson, M.D., Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer, University of Nebraska Medical Center; F20.08: © David M. Phillips/Visuals Unlimited; F20.10a: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F20.10b: © Manfred Kage/Peter Arnold; F20.27: © Per H. Kjeldsen; F20.30: © John D. Cunningham/Visuals Unlimited; F20.31: © Ed Reschke.

Chapter 21

Opener: © Bruce Ayers/Tony Stone; P. 857: © Corbis/Bettmann.

Chapter 22

Opener: © Bob Schuchman/Phototake; F22.4: ©R.G. Kessel & R..H. Kardon, Tissues and Organs: A Text-Atlas of Scanning Electron Microscropy, 1979 (W.H. Freeman & Co.); F22.5a: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F22.11: © David M. Phillips/The Population Council/Photo Researchers; F22.12: ©Ed Reschke; F22.13a: ©R.G. Kessel & R..H. Kardon, Tissues and Organs: A TextAtlas of Scanning Electron Microscropy, 1979 (W.H. Freeman & Co.); F22.13b: © Ed Reschke; F22.14: © Manfred Kage/Peter Arnold;

Reschke; F22.23b: © Ed Reschke/Peter Arnold; F22.24: © H. Mizoguchi, from W. Bloom & D.W. Fawcett, A Textbook of Histology, 10th edition, 1975 W. B. Saunders Company; F22.25: ©Dr. Landrum B. Shettles; F22.28a: © Ed Reschke; F22.28b: © Don Fawcett/Photo Researchers; F22.29: ©The McGraw-Hill Companies/Carol D. Jacobson Ph.D., Dept. of Veterinary Anatomy, Iowa State University; F22.42a-b: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F22C: Courtesy of Southern Illinois University School of Medicine; F22.45a-e: © Bob Coyle.

Chapter 23

Opener: © AP/Wide World Photos; F23.1a: © Petit Format/Nestle/Photo Researchers; F23.1b: ©Richard Nowitz/Phototake; F23.2a: © Alexander Tsiaras/Photo Researchers; F23.2b: © Omikron/Photo esearchers; F23.3: © Petit Format/Nestle/Photo Researchers; F23.5c, F23.6: © Courtesy of Ronan O'Rahilly,M.D., Carnegie Institute of Washington, Department of Embryology, Davis Division; F23.10a-b: © Dr. Landrum B. Shettles; F23.10c: © Petit Format/Nestle/Photo Researchers; F23.11b: © Donald Yaeger/Camera M.D. Studios; F23.12h: © Dr. Landrum B. Shettles; F23B: © People Weekly, Time Inc./Taro Yamasaki; F23.17: © Donald Yaeger/Camera M.D. Studios; F23Cb-d: Streissguth, A.P., Landesman-Dwyer, S., Martin, J.C., & Smith, D.W.(1980). "Teratogenic effects of alcohol in humans and laboratory animals," Science, 209 (18):353-

361; F23.24: © Donna Jernigan; F23D: © Steve Wewerka/Impact Visuals; F23.26.(1-5): © Corbis-UPI/Bettmann; F23.26.(6): © AP/Wide World Photos; F23.26.(7-8): © Corbis/Bettmann; F23E: © J. L. Bucao/ Getty/Liaison.

Chapter 24

Opener: © McGraw-Hill Higher Education; Courtesy of Mergen, Ltd.; F24.1b:From E. J. DuPraw, DNA and Chromosomes ©1970, Holt, Rhinehart and Winston, Inc.; F24.14: Courtesy of Dr. David Ward and Dr. Michael Speicher; F24.7b: From Jacques Genest Jr., Marc-Andre Lavole "Images in Clinical Medicine," New England Journal of Medicine, p.490:8-12-99; F24.8a: Library of Congress; F24.8b: ©Peter Morenus/University of Connecticut at Storrs; F24.12: © Biophoto Associates/Photo Researchers; F24.13a-d: © Corbis/Bettmann; P. 992: Courtesy of Colleen Weisz; P. 998: © Jessica Boyatt; P. 999: Courtesy of Paul and Migdalia Gelsinger, Photo Arizona Daily Star.

Reference Plates

PL8-36: Courtesy of John W. Hole Jr. PL37: ©The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./ Joe DeGrandis, photographer PL38-39: Kent M. Van De Graaff PL40-41 : © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Joe DeGrandis, photographer PL42-47: Kent M. Van De Graaff PL48-75: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Karl Rubin

PL76: © Martin Rotker/Photo Researchers

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Essentials of Human Physiology

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