Info

Joint

Location

Type of Joint

Type of Movement

Skull

Cranial and facial bones

Suture, fibrous

Immovable, synarthrotic

Temporomandibular

Temporal bone, mandible

Modified hinge, synovial

Elevation, depression, protraction, retraction, diarthrotic

Atlanto-occipital

Atlas, occipital bone

Condyloid, synovial

Flexion, extension, circumduction, diarthrotic

Atlantoaxial

Atlas, axis

Pivot, synovial

Rotation

Intervertebral

Between vertebral bodies

Symphysis, cartilaginous

Slight movement, amphiarthrotic

Intervertebral

Between articular processes

Gliding, synovial

Flexion, extension, slight rotation, diarthrotic

Sacroiliac

Sacrum and hipbone

Gliding, synovial

Little to no movement, diarthrotic

Vertebrocostal

Vertebrae and ribs

Gliding, synovial

Slight movement during breathing, diarthrotic

Sternoclavicular

Sternum and clavicle

Gliding, synovial

Slight movement when shrugging shoulders, diarthrotic

Sternocostal

Sternum and rib 1

Synchondrosis, cartilaginous

Immovable, synarthrotic

Sternocostal

Sternum and ribs 2-7

Gliding, synovial

Slight movement during breathing, diarthrotic

Acromioclavicular

Scapula and clavicle

Gliding, synovial

Protraction, retraction, elevation, depression, diarthrotic

Shoulder (glenohumeral)

Humerus and scapula

Ball-and-socket, synovial

Flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, rotation, circumduction, diarthrotic

Elbow

Humerus and ulna

Hinge, synovial

Flexion, extension, diarthrotic

Proximal radioulnar

Radius and ulna

Pivot, synovial

Rotation, diarthrotic

Distal radioulnar

Radius and ulna

Syndesmosis, fibrous

Slight movement, amphiarthrotic

Wrist (radiocarpal)

Radius and carpals

Condyloid, synovial

Flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, circumduction, diarthrotic

Intercarpal

Adjacent carpals

Gliding, synovial

Slight movement, diarthrotic

Carpometacarpal

Carpal and metacarpal 1

Saddle, synovial

Flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, diarthrotic

Carpometacarpal

Carpals and metacarpals 2-5

Condyloid, synovial

Flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, diarthrotic

Metacarpophalangeal

Metacarpal and proximal phalanx

Condyloid, synovial

Flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, diarthrotic

Interphalangeal

Adjacent phalanges

Hinge, synovial

Flexion, extension, diarthrotic

Symphysis pubis

Pubic bones

Symphysis, cartilaginous

Slight movement, amphiarthrotic

Hip

Hipbone and femur

Ball-and-socket, synovial

Flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, rotation, circumduction, diarthrotic

Knee (tibiofemoral)

Femur and tibia

Modified hinge, synovial

Flexion, extension, slight rotation when flexed, diarthrotic

Knee (femoropatellar)

Femur and patella

Gliding, synovial

Slight movement, diarthrotic

Proximal tibiofibular

Tibia and fibula

Gliding, synovial

Slight movement, diarthrotic

Distal tibiofibular

Tibia and fibula

Syndesmosis, fibrous

Slight movement, amphiarthrotic

Ankle (talocrural)

Talus, tibia, and fibula

Hinge, synovial

Dorsiflexion, plantar flexion, slight circumduction, diarthrotic

Intertarsal

Adjacent tarsals

Gliding, synovial

Inversion, eversion, diarthrotic

Tarsometatarsal

Tarsals and metatarsals

Gliding, synovial

Slight movement, diarthrotic

Metatarsophalangeal

Metatarsal and proximal phalanx

Condyloid, synovial

Flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, diarthrotic

Acromion process

Clavicle

Subdeltoid bursa

Synovial membrane

Joint capsule Joint cavity

Acromion process

Clavicle

Subdeltoid bursa

Synovial membrane

Synovial Membrane

Joint capsule Joint cavity

Humerus

Articular cartilage

Scapula

Humerus

Articular cartilage

Scapula

Figure

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