Info

Kidney Function Restoration Program

Natural Kidney Disease Cure and Treatment

Get Instant Access

Values increase due to mild vomiting, Cushing syndrome, and hyperventilation. They decrease as a result of hypoventilation, severe diarrhea, Addison disease, and diabetic acidosis.

Phosphatase acid (serum)

Women: 0.01-0.56 Sigma U/mL Men: 0.13-0.63 Sigma U/mL

Values increase in cancer of the prostate gland, hyperparathyroidism, certain liver diseases, myocardial infarction, and pulmonary embolism.

Phosphatase, alkaline (serum)

13-39 U/L

Values increase in hyperparathyroidism (and in other conditions that promote resorption of bone), liver diseases, and pregnancy.

Phosphorus (serum)

3.0-4.5 mg/100 mL

Values increase in kidney diseases, hypoparathyroidism, acromegaly, and hypervitaminosis D. They decrease in hyperparathyroidism.

Platelet count (whole blood)

150,000-350,000/mm3

Values increase in polycythemia and certain anemias. They decrease in acute leukemia and aplastic anemia.

Potassium (serum)

3.5-5.0 mEq/L

Values increase in Addison disease, hypoventilation, and conditions that cause severe cellular destruction. They decrease in diarrhea, vomiting, diabetic acidosis, and chronic kidney disease.

Protein, total (serum)

6.0-8.4 g/100 mL

Values increase in severe dehydration and shock. They decrease in severe malnutrition and hemorrhage.

*These values may vary with hospital, physician, and type of equipment used to make measurements.

*These values may vary with hospital, physician, and type of equipment used to make measurements.

Shier-Butler-Lewis: I Back Matter I Appendix C: Laboratory I I © The McGraw-Hill

Human Anatomy and Tests of Clinical Companies, 2001

Physiology, Ninth Edition Importance

Common Tests Performed on Blood—continued

Test

Normal Values* (adult)

Clinical Significance

Prothrombin time (serum)

12-14 sec (one stage)

Values increase in certain hemorrhagic diseases, liver disease, vitamin K deficiency, and following the use of various drugs.

Red cell count (whole blood)

Men: 4,600,000-6,200,000/mm3 Women: 4,200,000-5,400,000/mm3 Children: 4,500,000-5,100,000/mm3 (varies with age)

Values increase as a result of severe dehydration or diarrhea, and decrease in anemia, leukemia, and following severe hemorrhage.

Red cell distribution width (RDW)

8.5-11.5 microns

Variation in cell width changes with pernicious anemia.

Sedimentation rate, erythrocyte (whole blood)

Men: 1-13 mm/hr Women: 1-20 mm/hr

Values increase in infectious diseases, menstruation, pregnancy, and as a result of severe tissue damage.

Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT)

Women: 4-17 U/L Men: 6-24 U/L

Values increase in liver disease, pancreatitis, and acute myocardial infarction.

Sodium (serum)

135-145 mEq/L

Values increase in nephritis and severe dehydration. They decrease in Addison disease, myxedema, kidney disease, and diarrhea.

Thromboplastin time, partial (plasma)

35-45 sec

Values increase in deficiencies of blood factors VIII, IX, and X.

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

0.5-5.0 jU/mL

Values increase in hypothyroidism and decrease in hyperthyroidism.

Thyroxine, or T4 (serum)

4-12 jg/100 mL

Values increase in hyperthyroidism and pregnancy. They decrease in hypothyroidism.

Transaminases, or SGOT (serum) 7-27 units/mL Values increase in myocardial infarction, liver disease, and diseases of skeletal muscles.

Triglycerides

40-150 mg/100 mL

Values increase in liver disease, nephrotic syndrome, hypothyroidism, and pancreatitis. They decrease in malnutrition and hyperthyroidism.

Triiodothyronine, or T3 (serum)

75-195 ng/100 mL

Values increase in hyperthyroidism and decrease in hypothyroidism.

Uric acid (serum)

Men: 2.5-8.0 mg/100 mL Women: 1.5-6.0 mg/100 mL

Values increase in gout, leukemia, pneumonia, toxemia of pregnancy, and as a result of severe tissue damage.

White blood cell count, differential (whole blood)

Neutrophils 54-62% Eosinophils 1-3% Basophils <1% Lymphocytes 25-33% Monocytes 3-7%

Neutrophils increase in bacterial diseases; lymphocytes and monocytes increase in viral diseases; eosinophils increase in collagen diseases, allergies, and in the presence of intestinal parasites.

White blood cell count, total (whole blood)

5,000-10,000/mm3

Values increase in acute infections, acute leukemia, and following menstruation. They decrease in aplastic anemia and as a result of drug toxicity.

Common Tests Performed on Urine

TesT

Normal Values* (adult)

Clinical Significance

Acetone and acetoacetate

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Your Heart and Nutrition

Your Heart and Nutrition

Prevention is better than a cure. Learn how to cherish your heart by taking the necessary means to keep it pumping healthily and steadily through your life.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment