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Loose connective tissue Adipose tissue

Cells in fluid-gel matrix Cells in fluid-gel matrix

Loose connective tissue Adipose tissue

Reticular connective tissue Dense connective tissue Elastic connective tissue Hyaline cartilage

Elastic cartilage




Cells in fluid-gel matrix Cells in fluid-gel matrix

Cells in fluid-gel matrix Cells in fluid-gel matrix Cells in fluid-gel matrix Cells in solid-gel matrix Cells in solid-gel matrix

Cells in solid-gel matrix Cells in solid matrix

Cells and platelets in fluid matrix

Binds organs together, holds tissue fluids Protects, insulates, and stores fat


Binds organs together

Provides elastic quality

Supports, protects, provides framework Supports, protects, provides flexible framework Supports, protects, absorbs shock Supports, protects, provides framework Transports gases, defends against disease, clotting

Beneath the skin, between muscles, beneath epithelial tissues Beneath the skin, around the kidneys, behind the eyeballs, on the surface of the heart

Walls of liver, spleen, and lymphatic organs

Tendons, ligaments, dermis

Connecting parts of the spinal column, in walls of arteries and airways Ends of bones, nose, and rings in walls of respiratory passages Framework of external ear and part of larynx

Between bony parts of spinal column, parts of pelvic girdle, and knee Bones of skeleton, middle ear

Within blood vessels

(hematopoietic tissues) in red marrow within the hollow parts of certain bones (fig. 5.27). Blood is described in chapter 14.

Of the blood cells, only the red cells function entirely within the blood vessels. White blood cells typically migrate from the blood through capillary walls. They enter connective tissues where they carry on their major activities, and they usually reside there until they die. Table 5.7 lists the characteristics of the types of connective tissue.

O Describe the general characteristics of cartilage.

^9 Explain why injured bone heals more rapidly than does injured cartilage.

^9 What are the major components of blood?

Skeletal muscle tissue is composed of striated muscle fibers that contain many nuclei (250x micrograph enlarged to 750x).
Smooth muscle tissue consists of spindle-shaped cells, each with a large nucleus (250x micrograph enlarged to 900x).

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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