Info

Condom

Condom and spermicide

Diaphragm and spermicide

Cervical cap and spermicide

Spermicidal foam or jelly

Spermicidal suppository

Worn over penis or within vagina, keeps sperm out of vagina Worn over penis or within vagina, keeps sperm out of vagina, and kills sperm that escape Kills sperm and blocks uterus

Kills sperm and blocks uterus

Kills sperm and blocks vagina Kills sperm and blocks vagina

Protection against sexually transmitted diseases (latex only)

Protection against sexually transmitted diseases (latex only)

Inexpensive

Inexpensive, can be left in 24 hours

Inexpensive

Easy to use and carry

Disrupts spontaneity, can break, reduces sensation in male Disrupts spontaneity, reduces sensation in male

Disrupts spontaneity, messy, needs to be fitted by doctor May slip out of place, messy, needs to be fitted by doctor Messy

Irritates 25% of users, male and female

Combination birth control pill

Medroxyprogesterone acetate

(Depo-Provera) Progesterone implant

Prevents ovulation and implantation, thickens cervical mucus

Prevents ovulation, alters uterine lining

Prevents ovulation, thickens cervical mucus

Does not interrupt spontaneity, lowers risk of some cancers, decreases menstrual flow Easy to use

Easy to use

Raises risk of cardiovascular disease in some women, causes weight gain and breast tenderness Menstrual changes, weight gain

Menstrual changes

Rhythm method

Withdrawal (coitus interruptus)

No intercourse during fertile times Removal of penis from vagina before ejaculation

No cost No cost

Difficult to do, hard to predict timing Difficult to do

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