Bqu

I band, 300, 301, 302 Ibuprofen, 184, 461 Identical twins, 102 Idiotype, 666 Ileitis, 730

Ileocecal sphincter, 723, 724 Ileum, 35, 689, 717, 717 Ileus, 730 Iliac artery common, 35, 36, 623, 624, 625t, 626, 629, 630, 631, 635, 962 deep circumflex, 628-29, 630 external, 626, 628, 629,

630, 631

internal, 626-27, 629, 630,

631, 962

superficial circumflex, 629, 630 Iliac bone, 242

Iliac crest, 37, 233, 240, 241, 359 Iliac fossa, 240, 241

Iliac region, 24, 25 left, 22, 23 right, 22, 23 Iliac spine anterior inferior, 241 anterior superior, 31, 33, 37,

240, 241, 359 posterior inferior, 241 posterior superior, 240,

241, 359

Iliacus muscle, 37, 337, 339,

342t, 1018 Iliac vein common, 636, 637, 638 external, 635, 636, 638 internal, 636-37, 636, 638 Iliocostalis cervicis muscle,

323, 324t Iliocostalis lumborum muscle,

323, 324t Iliocostalis thoracis muscle,

323, 324t Iliofemoral ligament, 285, 286 Iliolumbar artery, 628, 629 Iliotibial band, 340 Iliotibial tract, 360 Ilium, 240, 241, 242, 286 Immediate-reaction allergy,

672, 674 Immovable joint, 271 Immune complex, 828 Immune complex reactions, 673 Immune response, 184 cellular, 663, 664 humoral, 663-67, 665, 666,

666t, 667t primary, 668-69, 671 secondary, 668-69, 671 Immune surveillance, 65 7 Immune system age-related changes in, 676-77 system interconnections of, 536 Immunity, 556, 661-76 active artificially acquired,

670, 672t naturally acquired,

670, 672t classification of, 670-72, 672t passive artificially acquired,

671, 672t naturally acquired,

672, 672t Immunocompetence, 677 Immunodeficiency, 677 Immunoglobulin, 665-67,

666, 667t Immunoglobulin A (IgA), 666,

667t, 677 Immunoglobulin D (IgD), 667, 667t Immunoglobulin E (IgE), 667, 667t,

672, 674, 677 Immunoglobulin G (IgG), 666, 667t, 668, 677 maternal antibodies in newborn, 667, 672 Immunoglobulin M (IgM), 666-68,

667t, 677 Immunology, 24 Immunosuppressant drugs, 306, 673

Immunosuppressant therapy, 687 Immunotherapy, 668-69, 669 Impetigo, 173t

Implantation, 912-13, 916, 929,

942-43, 943, 946 Implant resection arthroplasty, 287 Inborn error of metabolism, 134,

135, 136 Incisive foramen, 216, 224t Incisive fossa, 259, 261 Incisor, 693, 693t, 694 Inclusions, cellular, 80 Incomplete dominance, 985, 985 Incomplete penetrance, 986 Incomplete protein, 743-44 Incontinence, 848, 850

stress, 848 Incontinentia pigmenti, 990 Incus, 211t, 469, 469, 470, 475 Indeterminate cleavage, 945 Indigestion, 705 Infant, 965-66, 969t kidney of, 843 skull of, 223, 225, 271 Infant formula, 927 Infarction, 565 Infection, 659

body defenses against, 659 opportunistic, 678 white blood cells in, 557, 557, 558 Infectious disease, 3 Inferior, definition of, 21 Inferior articulating process,

227, 228 Inferior oblique muscle, 482,

483, 483t Inferior orbital fissure, 224t, 257 Inferior rectus muscle, 482,

482, 483t Inferior vena cava, 16, 36, 37,

584-85, 586, 588, 590, 621, 632, 635, 635, 636, 637, 638, 710, 821, 822, 825, 863, 961, 962, 963, 1012, 1013, 1023

Infertility, 914

female, 902, 921, 921t male, 894-95, 894, 895, 895t, 988 Inflammation, 71, 82, 151-52, 185, 512, 529, 536, 557, 660-61, 660t, 667, 670t, 713, 863 Inflammatory bowel disease,

727-28 Inflation reflex, 803 Influenza, 670, 676, 972t Infraorbital foramen, 214, 215,

224t, 257, 258 Infraorbital nerve, 430 Infrapatellar bursa, 275, 275,

288, 289 Infraspinatus muscle, 319, 325,

Infraspinous fossa, 233, 235 Infundibulum of diencephalon, 419, 513 of uterine tubes, 903, 904, 913 Inguinal canal, 33, 623, 881, 883,

883, 890 Inguinal hernia, 883 Inguinal lymph nodes, 656, 657 Inheritance, modes of, 980-85 Inhibin, 897, 897 Inhibitory neuron, 370 Inhibitory postsynaptic potential, 380

Injectable contraception,

928-29, 928t Injection intradermal, 176 intramuscular, 176 subcutaneous, 176 Inner cell mass, 942, 943, 946, 946 Inner ear, 431, 471-72, 472, 473, 474

Inner membrane, of mitochondria,

77, 77 Inner tunic, 487, 489 Inorganic compound, 49 Inorganic salts, in bone, 198, 209 Inorganic substances, in cells, 49, 50t

Inositol triphosphate, 511, 519 Insecticide, 307 Insect sting, 672

Insertion of muscle, 276, 317, 317 Insomnia, 384t, 424t, 447, 535 Inspiration, 792-96, 794, 795,

795t, 796, 804 Inspiratory capacity, 798,

798, 799t Inspiratory reserve volume, 797,

798, 799t Insula, 413, 414

Insulin, 8, 86, 163, 504, 507t, 512, 530-32, 533, 533t, 534, 539, 710, 739, 836 Insulinlike growth factor-I, 515 Insulin receptors, 531-32, 534 Insulin resistance, 539 Integral proteins, 69 Integrins, 71, 74

Integumentary system, 14, 16, 19t, 20, 169. See also Skin age-related changes in, 969t effect of autonomic stimulation on, 446t system interconnections of, 190 Intellectual processes, 416-17 Interatrial septum, 584 Intercalated disk, 161, 161,

316, 316 Intercarpal joints, 281t Intercellular junctions, 70-71,

72t, 74 Intercellular material, 142 Intercondylar fossa, 244 Intercostal artery, 631 anterior, 626, 628 internal, 628

posterior, 622, 625t, 626, 628 Intercostal lymphatic trunk,

652, 652 Intercostal muscles, 795, 922 external, 32, 33, 37, 628, 794,

796, 804 internal, 33, 37, 326, 796, 797 Intercostal nerve, 436, 437, 804 Intercostal vein, 633

posterior, 633, 634 Interferons, 550, 660, 663, 663t,

669, 676, 713 Interleukins, 184, 660, 663, 669,

676, 838 Interlobar artery, 823, 826 Interlobar vein, 826, 831 Interlobular artery, 823, 826,

827, 831 Interlobular vein, 826, 827, 831 Internal acoustic meatus, 219, 221, 224t, 265

Internal environment, 6, 8 Internal oblique muscle, 32, 33,

326, 334, 335, 336, 336t, 796 Internal respiration, 779 Interneurons, 369, 370, 370t,

402-3, 404, 406t Internodal atrial muscle, 595 Interosseous ligament, 271, 271 Interphalangeal joints, 281t Interphase, 94, 94, 130 Interstitial cells, 883, 885, 896-97,

896t, 897 Interstitial fluid, 858, 858, 860 Intertarsal joint, 281t Intertubercular groove, 234, 237 Interventricular artery anterior, 589, 590, 592 posterior, 589, 590, 592 Interventricular foramen, 397, 398 Interventricular septum, 584,

586, 587 Interventricular sulcus, 583, 584 Intervertebral disk, 37, 156-58,

211, 225, 226, 227, 228, 273, 273, 289, 1008, 1009 disorders of, 231, 410 Intervertebral foramen, 226,

227, 432 Intervertebral joint, 281t Intervertebral notch, 228 Intestinal gas, 726-27 Intestinal gastrin, 704, 716t Intestinal glands, 149t, 690, 718,

718, 720 Intestinal lipase, 719, 720t Intestinal lymphatic trunk,

652, 652 Intestinal somatostatin, 704, 716t Intestine. See Large intestine;

Small intestine Intestine transplant, 650, 687 Intra-alveolar pressure, 794,

795, 796 Intraatrial septum, 596 Intracellular fluid, 858-59, 858,

859t, 860 Intracranial pressure, 401 Intracytoplasmic sperm injection,

915, 915 Intradermal injection, 176 Intralobular bronchioles, 786 Intramembranous bone, 200 Intramembranous ossification, 200 Intramuscular injection, 176 Intraocular pressure, 497 Intrapleural pressure, 796 Intrauterine device, 928t, 929, 929 Intrauterine growth retardation, 956-57

Intrauterine transfusion, 972 Intravascular oxygenator, 790 Intraventricular foramen, 399 Intrinsic clotting mechanism,

564-65, 566 Intrinsic factor, 553, 554t, 703,

703t, 755-56 Inversion, 276, 280 In vitro fertilization, 891,

914-15, 915 Involuntary muscle, 160 Involution, 919 Iodine, 40t, 520, 763, 764t deficiency of, 523 Iodine-131, 42-43, 43 Iodine pump, 520

Iodized table salt, 763 Iodopsins, 494 Ion(s), 40t, 44, 47 Ion channels, 69

chemically-sensitive, 380 drugs affecting, 70, 70t faulty, 70-71, 70t gated, 374, 374, 376 membrane potential and, 374, 374 Ionic bond, 44, 44 Ionizing radiation, 46, 46, 46t Ipsilateral, definition of, 21 Iridectomy, 497

Iris, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489 circular muscles of, 486, 488 radial muscles of, 486, 488 Iritis, 497

Iron, 550-51, 551, 551t, 553, 554, 554t, 660, 711, 712t, 738, 751, 762-63, 762, 764t, 807, 927 in human body, 40t serum, 1031 Iron-binding capacity, 1031 Iron deficiency anemia, 555t,

762, 762 Irregular bone, 196, 197 Ischemia, 458, 608, 642 Ischial spine, 240, 241, 242 Ischial tuberosity, 240, 241, 242,

343, 359 Ischiocavernosus muscle, 336,

337, 338t Ischiofemoral ligament, 286, 286 Ischium, 240, 241, 286, 899 Islets of Langerhans, 530-32, 532,

533, 533t Isocaloric foods, 771 Isograft, 673, 675t Isometric contraction, 313, 313 Isotonic contraction, 313, 313 Isotonic solution, 87, 88 Isotopes, 40-41

Isotretinoin (Accutane), 180, 180t, 954, 956

Pregnancy Guide

Pregnancy Guide

A Beginner's Guide to Healthy Pregnancy. If you suspect, or know, that you are pregnant, we ho pe you have already visited your doctor. Presuming that you have confirmed your suspicions and that this is your first child, or that you wish to take better care of yourself d uring pregnancy than you did during your other pregnancies; you have come to the right place.

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