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Haemophilus influenzae B, 670 Hageman factor (factor XII), 565,

566, 567t Hair, 176-78, 177 color of, 177, 982 curliness of, 982 gray, 19, 177, 187, 967 loss of, 177-78, 178 Hair cells, 471, 473, 474, 475, 475, 478, 479, 496

Hair follicles, 170, 171, 176-78,

177, 181 Hair implants, 180 Hair papilla, 176 Hair root, 176

Hair shaft, 170, 176, 177, 181 Hair transplant, 178 Hairy cell leukemia, 558t, 559 Hairy ears, 180 Half-life, 43 Hallucinations, 447 Hallucinogen, 387 Hamate, 239

Hamstring muscles, 338, 340, 343, 343t, 359 pulled hamstring, 343 Hand bones of, 212, 236, 237-38,

238, 239 muscles that move,

330-34, 334t posterior view of, 1018 Handedness, 417 Haploid, 979 Hapten, 661

692, 780, 780, 781 Hashimoto disease, 522t Haustra, 724, 725 Hawking, Stephen, 410 Hay fever, 151 Head arteries to, 623-25, 626, 627 cavities within, 14 lateral view of, 1014 muscles that move, 322-23,

323, 324t sagittal section of, 1006,1007 surface anatomy of, 357 transverse section of, 1010 veins from, 632, 632 Head (of bone), 214t Headache, 217, 318, 322, 490 Head position, 479, 480 Health claims, on food labels, 767 Healthy eating, 763-70 Hearing, 468-74, 476t information flow from environment through nervous system, 456t loss of, 474, 477, 496 Hearing aid, 477 Hearing receptor cells, 472-74 Heart, 13, 34,1006,1011,1021. See also Cardiac entries actions affecting blood pressure, 610-11, 611 apex of, 581, 582, 590, 596 base of, 581, 582 blood supply to, 589, 590, 591,

592, 623 cardiac cycle, 591-93, 592, 593,

597-602, 599 chambers of, 584-85 conduction system of, 595-96,

596, 597, 637 coverings of, 581-82 disorders of, 640-41, 641 location of, 581, 582 pain impulses from, 459, 460 path of blood through, 585-88,

588, 589 serous membranes associated with, 15 size of, 581, 582, 637

skeleton of, 585, 587 valves of, 584-85, 586, 587,

587t, 593, 637 wall of, 583-84, 584, 584t Heart attack, 91, 161, 512, 565,

581, 589, 642, 675 Heartbeat, apical, 581 Heartburn, 700, 705, 730, 918 Heart disease, 19, 176, 637, 748, 971, 972t vitamins as preventatives, 751 Heart failure, 591, 594, 607, 621 Heart-lung transplant, 594 Heart rate, 525, 527t, 537, 599,

609-11, 613, 615, 619, 637 theoretical maximum, 619 Heart sounds, 593, 593, 594

split, 593 Heart surgery, 183 Heart transplant, 594, 621, 650,

Heat loss, 7, 182, 183 Heat production, 182, 183

in muscle contraction, 310-11 Heat-related illness, 182, 857 Heavy chain, 666, 666 Heidelberg capsule, 688 Height, 986-87, 987 Helicobacter pylori, 701 Helicotrema, 471, 472 Helium, 41t, 43

Helper T cells, 65, 558, 558t, 663, 664, 665, 665, 671, 678-79 Hemarthrosis, 292 Hematocrit, 548, 548, 553, 1031 Hematology, 24 Hematoma, 2, 206, 207, 565

subdural, 396 Hematometra, 931 Hematopoietic tissue, 159 Hematuria, 824, 850 Heme, 550, 551, 551t, 554,

762, 807 Hemianopsia, 497 Hemiazygos vein inferior, 633, 634 superior, 633, 634 Hemicellulose, 739 Hemiplegia, 410 Hemizygote, 989 Hemochromatosis, 551 Hemocytoblasts, 548, 549, 553 Hemodialysis, 821, 824 Hemoglobin, 54, 55, 56, 208, 309, 548, 550, 551, 554, 555t, 571, 712, 762, 762, 807-8, 808, 809, 810, 810, 811, 985 blood substitutes, 575 fetal, 960

protein buffer system, 869, 870t urine, 1033 whole blood, 1031 Hemolysins, 573 Hemolysis, 87

Hemolytic anemia, 555t, 675, 675t Hemolytic jaundice, 712 Hemolytic uremic syndrome, 820 Hemophilia, 570, 679, 945t, 989,

994, 997 Hemorrhage, 563, 607, 611, 617 Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn, 753 Hemorrhagic telangiectasia, 574 Hemorrhoids, 724

Hemostasis, 563-68, 564t. See also

Coagulation Hemothorax, 813 Henrich, Christy, 738, 738 Heparin, 151, 556, 565, 568, 568t Heparinized whole blood, 574 Hepatic artery, 622, 624, 635,

711, 712 Hepatic cells, 709, 712 Hepatic coma, 711 Hepatic duct, 709, 710, 716

common, 708, 709 Hepatic flexure, 714 Hepatic lobules, 709, 711, 712 Hepatic portal system, 633 Hepatic portal vein, 514, 634, 635, 635, 709, 710, 711, 712, 962, 963 Hepatic sinusoids, 633, 635, 709,

711, 712 Hepatic vein, 633, 635, 635, 638 Hepatitis, 575, 669-70, 713 Hepatocellular jaundice, 712 Hepatopancreatic ampulla, 707 Hepatopancreatic sphincter, 707,

708, 714, 716 Herceptin, 925

Heritable gene therapy, 993-94 Hernia hiatal, 700 inguinal, 883 strangulated, 883 Herniated disk, 231 Heroin, 385, 926t Herpes, 189, 678 Heterogametic sex, 987 Heterozygote, 981

manifesting, 989 Hiatal hernia, 700 Hiccup, 799, 800t High altitude, 552, 807 High-density lipoproteins, 562, 562, 1030

Hilum of kidney, 820, 821, 825 of lymph node, 655-56, 655 Hilus, of lung, 791 Hindbrain (rhombencephalon),

411, 412, 413t Hinge joint, 276, 277, 278t Hip fracture, 210, 248 Hip implant, 287 Hip joint, 276, 277, 281t, 285-86,

285, 286 Hippocampus, 418 Hip pointer, 240 Hirschsprung disease, 726 Hirsutism, 539 Hirudin, 569 Hirulog, 569

Histamine, 151-52, 383t, 556-57, 606, 667, 672, 674, 703, 863 Histology, 24 Histone, 124

Holocrine gland, 148, 150, 150t Homeostasis, 2, 6-8, 6, 7, 552 Homocysteine, 641 Homocystinuria, 641 Homogametic sex, 987 Homograft, 187 Homologous chromosomes,

886, 981 Homozygote, 981 Hookworm, 558t Hopi people, 183, 185

Horizontal cells, 487, 488 Hormone(s), 15, 54, 99, 504. See also specific hormones actions of, 506-12 affecting athletic performance, 510 amine, 505, 506, 507t, 508 chemistry of, 504-6, 506, 507t control of secretion of, 512, 513 control sources, 512 of digestive system, 716t names and abbreviations for, 507t negative feedback systems, 512,

513, 514 nonsteroid, 508-12, 509, 510t peptide, 505, 506, 507t, 508 protein, 505, 506, 507t,

508, 508t, 510-11, 510 tropic, 512 Hormone receptor(s), 506-12, 509 activity site on, 508 binding site on, 506-8 Hormone-receptor complex, 507,

508, 508t Hospice, 970 "Hot flashes," 911 Huega, Jimmie, 368 Human, cloning of, 102 Human body, organization of, 10-19

Human chorionic gonadotropin, 916-17, 917, 918t, 921, 942, 991

Human genome project, 121, 978 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), transport across lining of anus or vagina, 92, 93

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, 558, 558t, 659, 663, 676, 678-79 from contaminated blood,

570, 575 resistance to, 65, 131, 679 Human menopausal gonadotropin, 921 Humeral ligament, transverse,

234-35, 234, 236, 237, 240t, 277, 279, 282, 283, 284, 328, 358, 360 anatomical neck of, 234, 237 fracture of, 330 greater tubercle of, 234, 237 head of, 234, 237, 279, 282 lesser tubercle of, 234, 237 neck of, 279

surgical neck of, 234-35, 237 Humoral immune response,

663-67, 665, 666, 666t, 667t Hunter, C.J., 510 Hunter-gatherers, 3 Huntington disease, 59, 384t, 448, 675, 945t, 983-84, 984, 997 Hurler disease, 997 Hutchinson-Gilford syndrome,

971, 971 Hyaline cartilage, 156, 157, 201,

201t, 203, 272-73, 785, 786 Hybridoma, 668, 669 Hydatidiform mole, 972

Hydramnios, 972 Hydrarthrosis, 292 Hydrocele, 931 Hydrocephalus, 401, 960 Hydrochloric acid, 47, 47t, 660,

700, 703-4, 703t, 867 Hydrogen atomic structure of, 41t, 43 in cells, 50t in human body, 40t hydrogen molecule, 44 Hydrogen bond, 45, 45, 54 Hydrogen ions, 44, 48, 48, 48t,

Your Heart and Nutrition

Your Heart and Nutrition

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