F

Facet, 214t, 227

Facial artery, 610, 624, 626, 627 Facial bones, 196, 210, 211t Facial expression, 175, 298, 431, 431 muscles of, 318-21, 320, 321t Facial nerve (VII), 321t, 429, 431,

431, 433t, 440, 444, 467, 475 Facial skeleton, 217-23, 220, 221,

222, 223, 224t Facial translocation, 196 Facial vein, anterior, 632, 638 Facilitated diffusion, 86, 86, 93t Facilitation, 385 FAD, 754, 1035, 1036 FADH2, 118, 118, 119 Fahrenheit temperature scale, 1029 Falciform ligament, 33, 709, 1024 Falls, among elderly, 248, 248t,

292,447 False ribs, 231 False vocal cords, 783, 785 Falx cerebelli, 396t, 424 Falx cerebri, 396, 396t, 412, 1010 Fanconi anemia, 547, 944, 945t Farsightedness, 490, 491, 967 Fascia, 298, 299, 300 deep, 300 subcutaneous, 300 subserous, 300 Fascicle, 298, 299, 300, 426,

428, 429 Fasciculus cuneatus tract, 406-8,

407, 408, 409t, 416 Fasciculus gracilis tract, 406-8,

407, 409t Fasciotomy, 300

Fast-twitch fiber (type II), 313-14 Fat(s), 50-51, 53. See also Fatty acid(s); Lipid(s) Fatal familial insomnia, 424t "Fat-free" food, 721, 741 Fat globules, 714 Fatigue-resistant fiber (type IIb), 314

Fat-soluble vitamins, 750-53, 750,

752, 753 Fat substitute, 742 Fatty acid oxidase, 741 Fatty acids, 51, 53, 57t, 111, 741-42

absorption in small intestine,

720, 721, 722, 722t essential, 742 long-chain, 640 monounsaturated, 51, 766 oxidation of, 741, 741, 866, 868 polyunsaturated, 51 saturated, 51-52, 52, 740, 766 space-filling model of, 60 unsaturated, 51-52, 52,

740, 766 very long chain, 81 Fecal occult blood test, 728, 729 Feces, 725-26

electrolytes in, 864 water loss in, 860-61, 861 Feedback system negative, 8, 120, 122, 512, 513,

514, 552 positive, 8, 564, 918 Female condom, 926

Femoral artery, 32, 33, 35, 342, 610, 628-29, 630, 631, 1013, 1018

deep, 629, 630, 631 lateral, 630 Femoral nerve, 32, 33, 34, 342t,

436, 437, 439 Femoral region, 24, 25 Femoral vein, 31, 32, 33, 35, 342, 608, 635, 636, 638,

1013, 1018 Femur, 37, 196-97, 198, 211t, 212, 212, 243, 244, 244, 247t, 248, 277, 285, 286, 288, 342, 360, 899, 1013 head of, 244, 244, 285, 285, 295 neck of, 244, 244 Ferritin, 551, 551t, 711, 1030 Fertilization, 884, 891, 900, 901,

912-13, 913, 916 Fetal alcohol effects, 956 Fetal alcohol syndrome, 956, 957 Fetal cells, persisting in maternal circulation, 675-76, 676 Fetal cell sorting, 992, 995, 996t Fetal development, 943-61,

959, 959t Fetal hemoglobin, 960 Fetus, 941, 954-61

blood cell production by, 659 blood of, 960-61, 961t bones of, 200

circulatory system of, 960-61,

961t, 962, 963 skull of, 268 Fever, 184, 599

as defense against infection, 660, 661t Fiber, dietary, 50, 724, 727, 739 Fiberoptic bronchoscope, 789 Fiberoptic endoscope, 715 Fibrillation, 349, 600 Fibrillin, 640

567t, 568, 568t, 660, 660t Fibrinogen (factor I), 560-61, 561,

561t, 564, 566, 567t, 568 Fibroadenoma, 924 Fibroblast(s), 151, 151, 153, 154,

154t, 155, 156, 161-62, 163, 185, 186, 206, 565, 660, 660t Fibroblast growth factor, 581 Fibrocartilage, 156-58, 157, 159t,

206, 207, 273 Fibrocystic breast disease, 924 Fibrosis, 349, 921 Fibrositis, 349

Fibrous joints, 271-72, 271, 272,

273, 278t, 289 Fibrous pericardium, 12, 15, 581,

583, 584 Fibrous proteins, 54, 69, 72 Fibrous tunic, 483 Fibula, 211t, 212, 212, 243, 245, 245, 246, 247t, 271, 288, 345, 347, 360 head of, 245, 245, 288, 345, 360 Fibular collateral ligament,

287, 288 Fifth disease, 173t Fight-or-flight response, 526,

536, 537 Filtration, 87, 88, 93t across capillary wall, 605-6, 606

Filum terminale, 399, 400,

402, 402 Fimbriae, 899, 903, 904 Finasteride (Proscar), 892 Fingerprints, 174 First breath, 962-63 First-class lever, 205-6, 205 First messenger, 508 First ventricle, 397 Fissure, 214t, 412 Fissured fracture, 206 Fistula, 701 Fixed cells, 151 Flaccid paralysis, 411 Flagella, 67, 78-79, 82, 85t Flat bone, 196, 197 Flat feet, 245 Flatus, 726-27 Flavoproteins, 754 Flexion, 276, 279, 318 Flexor carpi radialis muscle, 330,

331, 332, 333, 334t, 360 Flexor carpi ulnaris muscle, 330,

331, 332, 332, 333, 334t, 360 Flexor digitorum longus muscle,

343, 346, 347, 347t, 348 Flexor digitorum profundus muscle, 330, 333, 333, 334t Flexor digitorum superficialis muscle, 330, 331, 333-34, 333, 334t Flexor pollicis longus muscle, 333 Flexor retinaculum, 348 Floaters, 496-97 Floating ribs, 231 Fluid balance, 611 Fluid compartments, 857-58, 858 Fluorescence in situ hybridization, 981 Fluoride, 696

Fluorine, 40t, 41t, 763, 764t Fluorouracil, 924 Flutter, 600

756-57, 758t Folinic acid, 756 Follicle-stimulating hormone, 507t, 509, 513, 515, 516, 517-18, 520t, 896, 897, 901, 908-11, 911, 916, 918t, 923 Follicular cells, 900, 904, 910 Follicular dendritic cells, 668-69 Folliculitis, 177 Fontanels, 214t, 223, 225, 271 Food energy value of, 745-46 enriched, 752 fortified, 752

as requirement of organisms, 5, 6t

Food group, 766, 766 Food labels, 763-70, 767

allowable health claims, 767 Food poisoning, 110, 820 Food pyramid, 763-70, 766 Foot bones of, 245, 246 muscles that move,

343-48, 347t surface anatomy of, 361 Foramen, 214t. See also specific foramen Foramen lacerum, 216, 219, 224t, 259, 260, 261, 266, 267

Foramen magnum, 216, 216, 219, 224t, 259, 260, 261, 263, 266, 267, 401, 402, 423 Foramen ovale, 216, 218, 219, 224t, 259, 260, 261, 264, 266, 267, 961, 961t, 962, 963, 965, 966, 966t Foramen rotundum, 218, 219,

224t, 264, 267 Foramen spinosum, 216, 218, 219, 224t, 259, 260, 261, 264, 266, 267

Forearm cross section of, 333 muscles that move, 330, 331,

332, 333, 333t posterior view of, 1018 surface anatomy of, 360 Forearm pain, 235 Forebrain (prosencephalon), 411,

412, 413t Forensic science, 126, 132, 132t Fornix, 899, 905-6 Fortified food, 752 Fossa, 214t

Fossa ovalis, 965, 966, 966t Fourth ventricle, 398, 398,

399, 421 Fovea, 214t

Fovea capitis, 244, 244, 285, 285 Fovea centralis, 484, 487, 489, 492 Fovea dentis, 228 Fracture, 206-7, 206, 207, 275 closed, 206 Colles, 248 comminuted, 206 in elderly, 248 fissured, 206 greenstick, 206 of hip, 210, 248 of humerus, 330 oblique, 206

osteoporosis-related, 210 pathologic, 206 repair of, 206-7, 207 spiral, 206 transverse, 206 traumatic, 206, 206 of vertebra, 227, 247, 410 Freckles, 982 Freely movable joint, 271 Free nerve endings, 457, 457, 462t Free radicals, 970 Frenulum, 691

Frontal bone, 211t, 213, 214, 215, 216t, 219, 221, 222, 225, 255, 256, 257, 258, 263, 265,

Frontal eye field, 415 Frontalis muscle, 318, 319,

320, 1013 Frontal lobe, 413, 414, 415, 416, 416, 417t, 419, 1010, 1026 Frontal region, 24, 25, 267 Frontal sinus, 12, 14, 213, 219, 220, 220t, 221, 265, 266,

Frontal suture, 263 Fructose, 50, 739, 739, 890 Fulminant hepatitis, 713 Functional residual capacity, 798,

798, 799t Functional syncytium, 595 Furylfuramide, 134t

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