The peroneus (fibularis) longus (per"o-ne'us long'gus) is a long, straplike muscle located on the lateral side of the leg. It connects the tibia and the fibula to the foot by means of a stout tendon that passes behind the lateral malleolus. It everts the foot, assists in plantar flexion, and helps support the arch of the foot (figs. 9.40 and 9.42).

As in the wrist, fascia in various regions of the ankle thicken to form retinacula. Anteriorly, for example, extensor retinacula connect the tibia and fibula as well as the calcaneus and fascia of the sole. These retinacula form sheaths for tendons crossing the front of the ankle (fig. 9.40).

Posteriorly, on the inside, a flexor retinaculum runs between the medial malleolus and the calcaneus and forms sheaths for tendons passing beneath the foot (fig. 9.41). Peroneal retinacula connect the lateral malleo-lus and the calcaneus, providing sheaths for tendons on the lateral side of the ankle (fig. 9.40).

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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