Hfq

Ear, 468-74, 469, 476t external, 468-69, 469 infections of, 471 inner, 471-72, 472, 473, 474 middle, 469-70, 469, 470 Ear popping, 471 Eating, 738-39 Eating disorder, 738, 738,

768, 770 Eccentric contraction, 313, 313 Eccrine glands, 149t, 169, 177,

179, 181, 181t Echocardiography, 591 Eclampsia, 931 Ectoderm, 946-47, 947, 948 Ectopic pregnancy, 916 Eczema, 189

Edema, 560, 606-7, 619, 654, 660, 667, 761t, 769, 837, 862-63, 863t nutritional, 745 pulmonary, 622 Edible vaccine, 670 Effector, 364, 402, 404, 405, 406t Efferent arterioles, 825, 825, 826, 827, 829-30, 829, 831, 832, 833, 835, 838 Egg cells, 66, 898, 900, 916,

943, 979 Egg donation, 912 Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, 153 Ehrlich, Paul, 668 Ejaculation, 891, 893-95, 896 Ejaculatory duct, 882, 890 Elastic cartilage, 156, 157 Elastic connective tissue, 155,

156, 159t Elastic fibers, 152, 152, 154, 154t,

155, 156, 157 Elastic recoil, 796 Elastin, 19, 152, 187, 970 Elbow joint, 208, 208, 212, 276,

277, 281t, 283-84, 284 Elderly, falls among, 248, 248t,

292,447 Electrocardiogram, 593, 596-97,

598, 599, 642 Electrocorticogram, 427 Electroencephalogram, 5, 427 Electrolyte(s), 47, 49

absorption in intestine, 721-23,

722t, 726 bile, 711 plasma, 561, 563 Electrolyte balance, 49, 857,

864-66, 864, 865 Electrolyte intake, 864

regulation of, 864 Electrolyte output, 864

regulation of, 864-66, 865 Electromyography, 322, 349 Electron(s), 39-41, 40, 40t, 44 Electron microscope scanning, 68, 68 transmission, 68, 68 Electron transport chain, 114, 115,

117, 121, 1036-37 Elements, 39

in human body, 40t Periodic Table of, 1027 Elevation, 278, 280 Emaciation, 771 Embolectomy, 639 Embolism, 565 Embolus, 565, 589, 617 Embryo, 900, 941 Embryonic disk, 946-47, 949 Embryonic stage, 946-54, 946,

947, 949, 950, 951, 954, 959t Embryo proper, 942 Emetic, 707

Emission, 890, 894-95, 896

nocturnal, 895 Emmetropia, 497 Emotions, 416, 418, 422, 465 Emphysema, 782, 801, 801, 803,

806, 812, 873, 997 Emulsification, 714 Enamel, 693, 694, 696, 728 Encephalitis, 448 Endangered species, 132t Endarterectomy, 639

Endocarditis, 585, 593, 595 Endocardium, 583-84, 584, 584t Endochondral bone, 200-202, 201 Endochondral ossification, 201, 201 Endocrine gland, 148, 505 Endocrine paraneoplastic syndrome, 524 Endocrine system, 15, 17, 19t, 20, 504. See also specific glands and hormones age-related changes in,

537-39, 969t effect of autonomic stimulation on, 446t system interconnections of, 536, 540 Endocrinology, 24 Endocytosis, 89-91, 90, 91, 93t, 381 receptor-mediated, 91, 91, 93t, 672, 721 Endoderm, 946-47, 947, 948 Endodontitis, 693 Endogenous pyrogen, 184 Endolymph, 471, 472, 480 Endometrial biopsy, 921t Endometriosis, 921 Endometritis, 931 Endometrium, 904, 905, 905, 909-10, 942-43, 946, 947, 949 Endomysium, 298, 299, 300 Endoneurium, 426, 428, 429 Endoplasmic reticulum, 73, 75, 85t rough, 67, 73, 75, 76 smooth, 67, 73, 75, 76 Endorphins, 381, 383, 383t,

385, 460 Endoscopic papillotomy, 715 Endostatin, 581 Endosteum, 197, 197 Endosymbiont theory, 77 Endothelin, 616

Endothelium, 162, 163, 584, 602, 603, 607, 637, 639 site of gene therapy, 996, 997 End-stage renal disease, 824 Endurance athletes, 908 Energy, 114

activation, 112, 114 for metabolism, 114 value of foods, 745-46 Energy balance, 747, 771 Energy expenditures, 745-47 Energy requirement, 746-47, 746t age-related changes in, 771t Enkephalins, 381, 383, 383t, 460 Enriched food, 752 Enteritis, 730

Enterogastric reflex, 706, 706 Enterokinase, 707, 720t Enucleation, 497 Enuresis, 850

nocturnal, 848 Environment, 6

effect on genes, 979 Enzyme(s), 54, 110

action of, 112-13, 113 active site of, 112, 113 cofactors and coenzymes, 113 factors that alter, 113 names of, 112-13 rate-limiting, 120, 122

RNA, 125 specificity of, 112 Enzyme replacement therapy, 669 Enzyme-substrate complex,

112,113 Eosinophils, 549, 553-55, 556,

558t, 560t, 561 Ependymal cells, 371, 372,

372t, 398 Ephedrine, 445 Epicardium, 583, 584, 584t Epicondyles, 214t of femur, 244, 244, 360 of humerus, 235, 237, 284, 358, 360 Epicranial aponeurosis, 318, 320 Epicranius muscle, 318, 320, 321t Epidemiology, 24 Epidermal cells, 163 Epidermal growth factor, 99-100 Epidermis, 146, 170-73, 170, 171,

172t, 173 Epidermolysis bullosa, 152t,

170, 945t Epididymis, 34, 882, 883, 884, 890-91, 891, 896t, 1009 Epididymitis, 931 Epidural space, 396, 397 Epigastric artery inferior, 628, 629 superficial, 629 Epigastric region, 22, 23 Epiglottic cartilage, 782, 784 Epiglottis, 692, 698, 698, 780, 781,

782, 785 Epiglottitis, 785

Epilepsy, 59, 384t, 418, 427, 448 Epiligrin, 170 Epimysium, 298, 299 Epinephrine, 381, 440, 445, 505,

507t, 508, 511-12, 525, 527, 528t, 536, 537, 613, 616, 672, 746, 963 Epineurium, 426, 428, 429 Epiphyseal disk, 197, 201, 202, 202, 204, 272 growth at, 202-3, 202, 203 Epiphysiolysis, 248 Epiphysis, 196-97, 197, 198

injury to, 203 Epiploic appendages, 725 Episiotomy, 919 Episodic ataxia, 365 Epitestosterone, 511 Epithelial cells, 65, 66, 161 Epithelial membrane, 169 Epithelial tissue, 142-43, 143t Epithelium carcinoma of, 148 columnar, 143

pseudostratified, 144-45,

145, 148t, 169 simple, 144, 145, 148t stratified, 146, 147, 148t cuboidal, 143

simple, 143-44, 144, 148t stratified, 146, 146, 148t glandular, 148-49, 149, 149t,

150, 169 simple, 143 squamous, 143

169, 275 stratified, 145-46, 146, 148t, 169-70, 169

stratified, 143

transitional, 146-48, 147, 148t Equilibrium, 415, 475-78 dynamic, 475-78, 744 static, 475-76 Erectile dysfunction, 881 Erection, 336, 881, 892-95, 893,

907, 907 Erector spinae muscle, 322,

324t, 358 Ergocalciferol, 751 Erythroblast(s), 549, 552 Erythroblastosis fetalis, 573, 574, 659

Erythrocytes. See Red blood cell(s) Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 1032 Erythrocytosis, 552 Erythrolabe, 494 Erythromycin, 71 Erythropoietin, 511, 552, 552,

553t, 821 Escherichia coli, 820 Esophageal artery, 622, 625t Esophageal hiatus, 699-700, 699 Esophagitis, 730 Esophagus, 15, 36, 37, 688, 689,

692, 698-700, 698, 699, 780, 781, 1007, 1008, 1011, 1012, 1023

Barrett's, 700 Essential amino acids, 743, 744t Essential fatty acids, 742 Essential hypertension, 617 Essential nutrients, 738 Estradiol, 908 Estriol, 908, 917

Estrogen(s), 52, 178, 180, 204, 210, 505, 517, 530, 535, 539, 908-12, 911, 916-17, 918t, 919, 950, 991 Estrogen receptors, 925 Estrogen replacement therapy,

210, 911 Estrone, 908 Ethmoidal region, 265 Ethmoidal sinus, 217, 218, 220, 220t, 263, 265, 266, 781, 1010 Ethmoid bone, 211t, 214, 215, 216t, 217, 218, 221, 222, 255, 256, 257, 263, 265, 266, 267

Eukaryotic cells, 65 Euploidy, 991, 994 Eupnea, 813

Evaporation, in body temperature regulation, 182 Eversion, 276, 280 Exchange reaction, 45-46 Excimer laser therapy, 642 Excitation contraction coupling,

304, 307 Excitatory postsynaptic potential, 380 Excretion, 17

as characteristic of life, 5t Excretory system, 17. See also specific organs age-related changes in, 969t Exercise aerobic, 619

bone effects of, 204, 204,

210, 248 breathing and, 805

calories used in various activities, 746t cardiovascular effects of,

619, 639 skeletal muscle effects of, 314,

348-49 for weight loss, 748 Exercise stress test, 642 Exocrine gland, 148, 149, 149t,

504, 505 Exocytosis, 89, 92, 92, 93t Exophthalmos, 497, 539 Expiration, 792, 796-97, 797, 797t Expiratory reserve volume, 797,

798, 799t Expressivity, 986

variable, 986 Extension, 276, 279, 318 Extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle, 330, 332, 333, 334, 334t, 1018 Extensor carpi radialis longus muscle, 332, 333, 334, 334t, 358, 1018 Extensor carpi radialis muscle,

330, 331 Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle, 330, 332, 333, 334, 334t, 1018 Extensor digitorum longus muscle, 319, 343, 344, 345, 347, 347t, 348, 361, 1019, 1020 Extensor digitorum muscle, 318, 330, 333, 334, 334t,

358, 1018

Extensor pollicis longus muscle, 333 Extensor retinaculum, 332, 334,

344, 345, 348, 1018 External auditory meatus, 215, 216, 216, 256, 258, 263, 468-69, 469 External ear, 468-69, 469 External oblique muscle, 31, 32, 33, 318, 319, 326, 334, 335, 336t, 359, 796, 1015, 1016 External respiration, 779 Exteroceptive senses, 457 Extracellular fluid, 858-59, 858,

859t, 860 Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, 790 Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy, 844 Extrapyramidal tract, 408 Extremophile, 113 Extrinsic allergic alveolitis, 793 Extrinsic clotting mechanism, 564, 566

Extrinsic muscles, of eye, 482-83,

482, 483t Eye, 478-95, 1010

color of, 487, 986-87, 988 light refraction by, 489-90, 489 structure of, 483-88, 484, 485,

486, 487, 488 visual accessory organs,

478-83, 481, 482, 483 visual pigments of,

493-94, 494 visual receptors of, 491-93, 493 Eyeglasses, 490, 491, 492 Eyelashes, 481 Eyelid, 479, 481, 481

Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

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