Lew

Dalton, John, 455 Dark adapted eye, 494 Dark meat, 314

Dartos muscle, 891 DaSilva, Ashanti, 998, 998 Deafness, 71

conductive, 477 sensorineural, 477 Deamination, 743, 744 Death, 5, 967, 970

causes in U.S., 971, 972t Decibel, 474

Decidua basalis, 950, 952 Decomposition, 45 Deep, definition of, 22 Deep artery, 893 Deep fascia, 300 Defecation reflex, 726 Defensins, 660 Defibrillator, 600 Dehydration, 518-19, 534, 611,

614, 843, 857, 861-62, 862 Dehydration synthesis, 110, 111 Dehydrocholesterol, 204, 524 Delayed-reaction allergy, 673 Delta cells, 530, 532 Delta waves, 427, 427 Deltoid muscle, 31, 32, 317-18, 319, 325, 326, 327, 328, 328t, 329-30, 329, 358, 359, 1015, 1016, 1017 Deltoid process, 358 Deltoid tuberosity, 235, 237 Denaturation, of proteins,

367, 381 Dendritic spine, 364 Dens, 227, 228, 277 Dense connective tissue, 152, 155,

156, 159t, 169, 174, 274 Densitometer scanner, 210 Dental caries, 3, 696, 696, 763, 770 Dentate nucleus, 424 Denticulate ligament, 396 Dentin, 693, 694, 696, 728 Deoxyhemoglobin, 548, 811 Deoxyribonuclease, 790 Deoxyribose, 56-57, 57, 121, 122,

126t, 740 Depolarized membrane, 376, 377 Depo-Provera, 928-29, 928t Depression (joint movement),

278, 280 Depression (mental illness), 770

clinical, 384t, 447 Dermatitis, 673 contact, 172 Dermatology, 24 Dermatomes, 432, 435 Dermis, 170, 170,171, 173-75, 173 Descending aorta, 36, 622, 625t Descending colon, 34, 36,

723-24, 724 Descending nerve tracts, 404, 407, 408-9

Desirable weight, 747, 747 Desmosomes, 70, 72t, 74, 143, 171 Detached retina, 493, 497 Detoxification, 711, 712t, 730 Detrusor muscle, 845-48, 846 Development. See also Postnatal development; Prenatal development ofbone,200-205,201t of brain, 411-12, 412, 413t Deviated septum, 780 Diabetes insipidus, 519, 861, 867

Diabetes mellitus, 19, 163, 497,

531, 742, 748, 770, 836, 845, 873, 873, 967 death from, 972t gene therapy for, 997 type I (insulin-dependent), 504,

534, 675, 675t, 836 type II (noninsulin-dependent), 534, 539 Diacylglycerol, 511 Diagnostics, monoclonal antibody-

based, 668 Diaminoanisole, 134t Diaminotoluene, 134t Diapedesis, 557, 557, 661 Diaphoresis, 589, 715 Diaphragm (contraceptive),

34, 35, 36, 37, 582, 618, 699, 794, 794, 796, 804, 1008, 1012, 1013, 1021, 1022, 1023, 1024, 1025

costal fibers of, 794 crural fibers of, 794 Diaphysis, 196, 197, 198, 202 Diarrhea, 723, 727, 759-60, 761t,

862, 873, 873 Diastole atrial, 591, 592 ventricular, 591, 592, 608 Diastolic pressure, 609, 612, 613 Diencephalon, 411-12, 412, 413, 413t, 418-22, 422, 426t, 422, 425, 1026

Diet fats in, 52 healthy, 763-70 heart-healthy, 640 in pregnancy, 912, 918, 960 vegetarian, 738, 739t, 762 for weight loss, 748 Dietary fiber, 50, 724, 727, 739 Dietary supplements, 763,

765, 768 "Diet drugs," 748-49 Diethylstilbestrol, 906, 954 Differentiation, cellular, 95-97, 101, 102 Diffusion, 82-86, 84, 85, 93t across capillary wall, 605 facilitated, 86, 86, 93t Diffusional equilibrium, 83 Digestion, 687, 738

as characteristic of life, 5t chemical, 687 functions of mouth parts in, 695t mechanical, 687 Digestive enzymes, 720t Digestive enzyme supplements, 708 Digestive glands, 535 Digestive system, 15-17, 18, 19t, 20, 687, 688. See also specific organs age-related changes in,

728-30, 969t alimentary canal of,

687-89, 689 effect of autonomic stimulation on, 446t hormones of, 716t system interconnections of, 731 Digital artery, 628

Digital rectal exam, 728t Digital region, 24, 25 Diglycerides, 721 Dihydrogen phosphate,

868-69, 870t Dihydrotestosterone, 897 Dihydroxycholecalciferol, 524,

525, 752 Dimples, 982 Dipeptide, 110, 111 Diphtheria, 670 Diploid, 979 Diplopia, 483, 497 Disaccharides, 50, 51, 111, 739 Dislocation of lens, 493 of patella, 244 of shoulder, 283 Dissecting aneurysm, 608 Disseminated intravascular clotting, 565 Distal, definition of, 21 Distal convoluted tubule, 825, 827, 829, 831, 836-37, 839, 840, 861 Diuresis, 836, 850, 875 Diuretics, 518, 618, 618t, 759-60,

850, 864, 867, 874 Divergence, of nerve impulse,

385, 386 Diverticulitis, 727, 730 Diverticulosis, 727-28, 727 Dizygotic twins, 942, 972 DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), 56-57, 56, 121. See also Gene(s)

antiparallel strands in, 122, 123 compared to RNA, 126t, 127 double helix, 122, 125, 1038 as genetic information, 121-22 of mitochondria, 77, 126, 132t mutations in. See Mutations repair of, 133-34, 970 replication of, 57, 130, 131, 132 structure of, 122, 122, 123, 124, 125, 1038, 1039 DNA fingerprinting, 126 DNA microarrays, 978, 999 DNA polymerase, 130, 132 "Dolly" (cloned sheep), 102, 102 Dominant follicle, 902 Dominant hemisphere, 417-18 Dominant inheritance, 983-85, 984 different dominance relationships, 985, 985 Donor blood, 575 Dopa, 525

Dopa decarboxylase, 525 Dopamine, 163, 381, 383t, 384t,

388, 388, 418, 420, 447, 525 Dopamine betahydroxylase, 525 Dopamine receptors, 387 Dorsal arch vein, 633 Dorsal artery, 893 Dorsal cavity, 10, 13 Dorsal column stimulator, 461 Dorsalis pedis artery, 610, 630,

630, 631 Dorsalis pedis vein, 636 Dorsal nerve, 893 Dorsal respiratory group, 800, 802 Dorsal root, 397, 403, 432, 436, 441, 442

Dorsal root ganglion, 397, 403, 432, 436, 441, 442, 459 Dorsal vein, 893 Dorsiflexion, 276, 279 Dorsum, 24, 25 Double covalent bond, 44 Double helix, 122, 125, 1038 Double vision, 483 Down syndrome, 991-93, 992 Doxorubicin, 924, 926t Dried plasma, 574 Drug(s)

affecting ion channels, 70, 70t affecting neurotransmitter levels, 384t breast-feeding and, 926t effect on autonomic functions, 445 effect on taste and smell, 468 penetration of blood-brain barrier by, 73 Drug addiction, 385, 387-88, 388,

950, 978 Drug delivery, 668 Dry eyes, 496 Dry mouth, 729

Duchenne muscular dystrophy,

133, 305, 989 Ductus arteriosus, 621, 961, 961t,

962, 963, 965, 966, 966t Ductus venosus, 961, 961t, 962,

963, 965, 966, 966t Dumping syndrome, 730, 749 Duodenum, 16, 35, 36, 688, 689,

702, 708, 715, 716,717 Dural sheath, 396, 397 Dural sinus, 396, 396 Dura mater, 396, 396t, 397, 399,

400, 441,1010 Dwarfism, pituitary, 204, 517, 997 Dynamic equilibrium, 475-78, 744 Dysentery, 730 Dysgeusia, 468t Dyslexia, 417 Dysmelodia, 982 Dysmenorrhea, 931 Dysosmia, 468t Dyspepsia, 730 Dysphagia, 730 Dyspnea, 589, 813 Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa, 152t Dystrophin, 133, 305, 989 Dysuria, 850

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