Convergence

Any single neuron in a neuronal pool may receive impulses from two or more other neurons. Axons originating from different parts of the nervous system leading to the same neuron exhibit convergence (kon-ver'jens).

Incoming impulses often represent information from various sensory receptors that detect changes. Convergence allows the nervous system to collect, process, and respond to information.

Convergence makes it possible for a neuron to sum impulses from different sources. For example, if a neuron receives subthreshold stimulation from one input neuron, it may reach threshold if it receives additional stimulation from a second input neuron. Thus, an output impulse triggered from this neuron reflects summation of impulses from two different sources. Such an output im pulse may travel to a particular effector and evoke a response (fig. 10.20a).

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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