Clinical Terms Related to the Digestive System

achalasia (ak"ah-la'ze-ah) Failure of the smooth muscle to relax at some junction in the digestive tube, such as that between the esophagus and stomach. achlorhydria (ah"klor-hi'dre-ah) Lack of hydrochloric acid in gastric secretions. aphagia (ah-fa'je-ah) Inability to swallow. cholecystitis (ko"le-sis-ti'tis) Inflammation of the gallbladder. cholelithiasis (ko"le-li-thi'ah-sis) Stones in the gallbladder. cholestasis (ko"le-sta'sis) Blockage in bile flow from the gallbladder.

cirrhosis (si-ro'sis) Liver condition in which the hepatic cells degenerate and the surrounding connective tissues thicken.

diverticulitis (di"ver-tik"u-li'tis) Inflammation of small pouches (diverticula) that form in the lining and wall of the colon.

dumping syndrome (dum'ping sin'drom) Symptoms, including diarrhea, that often occur following a gastrectomy.

dysentery (dis'en-ter"e) Intestinal infection, caused by viruses, bacteria, or protozoans, that causes diarrhea and cramps.

dyspepsia (dis-pep'se-ah) Indigestion; difficulty in digesting a meal.

dysphagia (dis-fa'je-ah) Difficulty in swallowing. enteritis (en"te-ri'tis) Inflammation of the intestine. esophagitis (e-sof'ah-ji'tis) Inflammation of the esophagus. gastrectomy (gas-trek'to-me) Partial or complete removal of the stomach.

gastrostomy (gas-tros'to-me) The creation of an opening in the stomach wall through which food and liquids may be administered when swallowing is not possible. glossitis (glo-si'tis) Inflammation of the tongue. ileitis (il"e-i'tis) Inflammation of the ileum. ileus (il'e-us) Obstruction of the intestine due to an inhibition of motility or a mechanical cause. pharyngitis (far"in-ji'tis) Inflammation of the pharynx. pylorospasm (pi-lor'o-spazm) Spasm of the pyloric portion of the stomach or of the pyloric sphincter. pyorrhea (pi"o-re'ah) Inflammation of the dental periosteum with pus formation. stomatitis (sto"mah-ti'tis) Inflammation of the lining of the mouth.

1 nnerConnections

digestive System

The digestive system ingests, digests, and absorbs nutrients for use by all body cells.

Integumentary System Cardiovascular System

Vitamin D activated in the skin plays a role in absorption of calcium from the digestive tract.

The bloodstream carries absorbed nutrients to all body cells.

The bloodstream carries absorbed nutrients to all body cells.

Skeletal System

Bones are important in mastication. Calcium absorption is necessary to maintain bone matrix.

Lymphatic System

The lymphatic system plays a major role in the absorption of fats.

The lymphatic system plays a major role in the absorption of fats.

Muscular System

Muscles are important in mastication, swallowing, and the mixing and moving of digestion products through the gastrointestinal tract.

Respiratory System

The digestive system and the respiratory system share common anatomical structures.

Nervous System

The nervous system can influence digestive system activity.

The nervous system can influence digestive system activity.

Urinary System

The kidneys and liver work together to activate 1 vitamin D.

tvoit aamctiinvaDte.

Endocrine System

Hormones can influence digestive system activity.

Reproductive System

In a woman, nutrition is essential for conception and normal development of an embryo and fetus.

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Herbal Remedies For Acid Reflux

Herbal Remedies For Acid Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux occurs when the stomach releases its liquid back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The regurgitated acid most often consists of a few compoundsbr acid, bile, and pepsin.

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