Atp

Heat

Figure

The oxygen required to support aerobic respiration is carried in the blood and stored in myoglobin. In the absence of sufficient oxygen, pyruvic acid is converted to lactic acid. The maximum number of ATPs generated per glucose molecule varies with cell type and is 36 (2 + 34) in skeletal muscle.

Energy to synthesize

Energy to synthesize

Pyruvic acid

Glycogen

V Glucose

Energy from

Pyruvic acid

Energy from

Lactic acid

Glycolysis and lactic acid formation (in muscle)

Synthesis of glucose from lactic acid (in liver)

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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