Appendix

Apothecaries' Weights and Their Metric Equivalents

0.05 scruple (s) 0.017 dram (dr) 0.002 ounce (oz) 0.0002 pound (lb) 0.065 gram (g) 65. milligrams (mg)

20. grains (gr) 0.33 dram (dr) 0.042 ounce (oz) 0.004 pound (lb) 1.3 grams (g) 1,300. milligrams (mg)

60. grains (gr) 3. scruples (s) 0.13 ounce (oz) 0.010 pound (lb) 3.9 grams (g) 3,900. milligrams (mg)

0.08 pound (lb) 31.1 grams (g) 31,100. milligrams (mg)

5,760. grains (gr) 288. scruples (s) 96. drams (dr) 12. ounces (oz) 373. grams (g) 373,000. milligrams (mg)

Apothecaries' Volumes and Their Metric Equivalents

0.017 fluid dram (fl dr) 0.002 fluid ounce (fl oz) 0.0001 pint (pt) 0.06 milliliter (mL) 0.06 cubic centimeter (cc)

60. minims (min) 0.13 fluid ounce (fl oz) 0.008 pint (pt) 3.70 milliliters (mL) 3.70 cubic centimeters (cc)

480. minims (min) 8. fluid drams (fl dr) 0.06 pint (pt) 29.6 milliliters (mL) 29.6 cubic centimeters (cc)

7,680. minims (min) 128. fluid drams (fl dr) 16. fluid ounces (fl oz) 473. milliliters (mL) 473. cubic centimeters (cc)

Metric Weights and Their Apothecaries' Equivalents

0.001 kilogram (kg) 1,000. milligrams (mg) 1,000,000. micrograms fag) 1,000,000,000. nanograms (ng) 1,000,000,000,000. picograms (pg) 15.4 grains (gr) 0.032 ounce (oz)

1,000. grams (g) 1,000,000. milligrams (mg) 1,000,000,000. micrograms fag) 32. ounces (oz) 2.7 pounds (lb)

0.000001 kilogram (kg) 0.001 gram (g) 1,000. micrograms fag) 0.0154 grains (gr) 0.000032 ounce (oz)

Metric Volumes and Their Apothecaries' Equivalents

1,000. milliliters (mL) 1,000. cubic centimeters (cc) 2.1 pints (pt) 270. fluid drams (fl dr) 34. fluid ounces (fl oz)

1. cubic centimeter (cc) 16.2 minims (min)

Approximate Equivalents of Household Measures

4. milliliters (mL) 4. cubic centimeters (cc) 1. fluid dram (fl dr)

1 tablespoon (tbsp) =

15. milliliters (mL)

15. cubic centimeters (cc) 0.5 fluid ounce (fl oz) 3.7 teaspoons (tsp)

240. milliliters (mL) 240. cubic centimeters (cc) 8. fluid ounces (fl oz) 0.5 pint (pt)

16. tablespoons (tbsp)

960.0 milliliters (mL) 960. cubic centimeters (cc) 2. pints (pt) 4. cups (c) 32. fluid ounces (fl oz)

Shier-Butler-Lewis: I Back Matter I Appendix B: Units of I I © The McGraw-Hill

Human Anatomy and Measurements and their Companies, 2001

Physiology, Ninth Edition Equivalents

Conversion of Units from One Form to Another

Refer to the preceding equivalency lists when converting one unit to another equivalent unit.

To convert a unit shown in bold type to one of the equivalent units listed immediately below it, multiply the first number (bold type unit) by the appropriate equivalent unit listed below it.

Sample Problems

1. Convert 320 grains into scruples (1 gr = 0.05 s).

320 gr x

1 gr

2. Convert 320 grains into drams (1 gr = 0.017 dr). 0.017 dr

320 gr x

1 gr

5.44 dr

Body Temperatures in 'Fahrenheit and °Celsius

°F

°C

°F

°C

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