Penduline Titmice Nests Are Pendulous

Penduline titmice get their name because their nests are pendulous. Pendulous means to hang loosely, which is how their nests are constructed. Male penduline tits build elaborate bag-like nests of feathers and soft plant fibers. Nests hang suspended, usually from tree branches or off of reeds above water.

Females lay white eggs with red spots, except for the species verdin, whose eggs are bluish green. Females lay two to nine eggs. The incubation period (time it takes to sit on eggs before hatching) is between thirteen and seventeen days, and the nestling period (time necessary to take care of young birds before they can leave the nest) is about eighteen days. The caring of the chicks is performed by both parents, with some species using helpers to assist the parents.

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