Behavior And Reproduction

Many cranes are migratory, meaning they travel from breeding (summer) areas to wintering areas each year. Some species Because of the loss of wetland habitats in many parts of the world, cranes that are more heavily dependent on wetland areas tend to be the most endangered. These include the Siberian crane and the whooping crane. Crane species that use grassland habitats more frequently, especially those that have learned to hunt for food in agricultural fields, have tended to thrive. These...

Acanthisitta chloris

Physical characteristics Riflemen are the smallest living bird species in New Zealand. They have greenish upperparts and whitish undersides with yellow wash on the sides. Females are generally duller than males and are brown striped. Males have a bright yellow-green back while females have a back that is striped with darker and lighter browns and flecked with red-brown spots. Both sexes have a slightly upturned bill, with the female bill being a little more upturned. They have white bellies and...

Eclectus Parrot Eclectus roratus

Physical characteristics The coloring of male and female eclectus parrots is so different that they were once thought to be two different species. The female bird has red and blue feathers and a black bill. The male has green plumage and a yellow bill. All eclectus parrots have feathers of a smooth texture that have been compared to silk. The birds are 16.5 inches (42 centimeters) in length and weigh 0.9 to 1.2 pounds (440 to 660 grams). Geographic range Eclectus parrots live in Indonesia in...

New World Quails Odontophoridae

Class Aves Order Galliformes Family Odontophoridae Number of species 32 species These small birds have plump bodies and short wings. They weigh 4 to 16 ounces (125 to 465 grams) and measure 7 to 15 inches (17 to 37 centimeters). Males are slightly larger and, in some species, have slightly more dramatic plumage (feather) coloring. Many species have red rings around the eyes, and some have crests on their heads ranging from tiny tufts of hair to long feathers. Quail bills have serrated (sharply...

Japanese Whiteeye Zosterops japonicus

Physical characteristics Japanese white-eyes have an olive-green back, pale gray underparts, and lemon-yellow throat and undertail coverts. They are about 4.7 inches (12 centimeters) long, and weigh about 0.4 ounces (11 grams). Their wing size is between 20.5 and 25.6 inches (52 and 65 centimeters), and the tail length is between 13.4 and 18.1 inches (34 and 46 centimeters). Geographic range Japanese white-eyes are distributed in the Japanese islands, China, Taiwan, Hainan Island, and the...