The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) (http://www.usda. gov/wps/portal/usdahome) is a large organization concerned with helping and developing agriculture within the United States. Its divisions deal with agricultural science, human nutrition, law, marketing and trade of agricultural products, natural resource and environmental management for farmers, research, and training, and it is involved in rural community development.
The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) (http://www.aphis.usda.gov/) is a division of the USDA that is concerned with the protection of agricultural health. This involves protection of the human population, as well as the domestic animal and certain wild animal resources and farmed and native plants, from pests and disease. APHIS has programs working in plant biosecurity, veterinary services, animal care, and welfare and wildlife monitoring.
The Veterinary Services (VS) is concerned with health, quality, and marketability of the nation's animals, animal products, and veterinary biological products. It does this primarily by preventing, monitoring and controlling, and eliminating disease within the population where possible. The VS also monitors and promotes good animal health and high animal productivity. The Center for Epidemiology and Animal Health (CEAH) is a group within VS that produces timely, factual information about animal health. CEAH collects and analyzes animal health data and reports to and works with the OIE to describe the distribution of animal disease from within the United States and internationally.
APHIS also has a wildlife services division that monitors wildlife with the objective of protecting agriculture and livestock, conserving natural resources, and managing potential sites of conflict between wildlife and people.
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