Each state has a department of agriculture. All have purposes and objectives similar to those of the USDA; however, their focus is on state issues. Some of the issues include the provision of local animal disease diagnostic laboratories, licensing of farming premises, food safety, meat inspection, enforcement of state agricultural laws, state-based quarantine and disease control, animal movement control, animal welfare, pest management, quality assurance programs, and state-specific farm production research and extension. In general, the state departments of agriculture provide most of the institutional expertise, such as veterinarians and plant disease experts, within the local region.
Most state departments of health actively manage state-based disease or pest control programs. Some are part of national programs, but others pertain specifically to the state. Diseases that are endemic within one part of the United States, but are not present within the state, are often subject to state monitoring and control programs. Similarly, local disease eradication programs are present in many states.
All states contribute to national knowledge on animal disease status by reporting to the USDA.
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