References

Airports Council International. (2005). ACI Passenger and Freight Forecasts 2005-2020. Press release. http://www. aci. aero/cda/aci/

display/main/aci_content.jsp?zn=aci&cp=1-7-46A4549_9_2_.

Army Medical Surveillance Activity. (2005). http://amsa.army.mil/

AMSA/amsa_home.htm. Bolduan C, Bolduan N. (1941). Public Health and Hygiene.

Philadelphia: WB Saunders. Bridis,T. (2003). Government discloses details of nation's bioterror sensors. Associated Press, November 14. http://www.detnews.com/ 2003/politics/0311/16/politics-325675.htm. Brotherton, J. M., Delpech, V. C., Gilbert, G. L., et al. (2003).

A large outbreak of influenza A and B on a cruise ship causing widespread morbidity. Epidemiol Infect 130:263-71. http://ww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=12729195. Buckeridge, D. L., Burkom, H., Campbell, M., et al. (2005).

Algorithms for rapid outbreak detection: a research synthesis. J Biomed Inform 38:99-113. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/ query. fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_ uids=15797000.

Canas, L., Lohman, K., Pavlin, J., et al. (2000). The Department of Defense laboratory-based global influenza surveillance system. Mil Med 165(Suppl 2):52-6. Castellani Pastoris, M., Lo Monaco, R., Goldoni, P., et al. (1999). Legionnaires' disease on a cruise ship linked to the water supply system: clinical and public health implications. Clin Infect Dis 28:33-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query. fcgi?cmd= Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=10028067. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1983). Staphylococcal food poisoning on a cruise ship. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 32:294-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi ? cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6406815. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1994). Outbreak of Shigella flexneri 2a infections on a cruise ship. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 43:657. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/ query. fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids= 8072477.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1995). Exposure of passengers and flight crew to Mycobacterium tuberculosis on commercial aircraft, 1992-1995. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 44:137-40. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi? cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=7862079. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1998). Rubella among crew members of commercial cruise ships—Florida, 1997. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 46:52-53,1247-50.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=9436714.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2002). Outbreaks of gastroenteritis associated with noroviruses on cruise ships-United States, 2002. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 51:1112-5.

Daniels, N. A., Neimann, J., Karpati, A., et al. (2000). Traveler's diarrhea at sea: three outbreaks of waterborne enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli on cruise ships. J Infect Dis 181:1491-5. http://www.ncbinlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=10762583.

Divis, D. A. (2004). BioWar: BioWatch response plans lacking.

United Press International, December 8. http://www.washtimes.com/ upi-breaking/20041208-092642-3814r.htm.

Divis, D. A. (2005). BioWar: Biowatch expansion developing. United Press International, February 24.

Driver, C. R., Valway, S. E., Morgan, W. M., et al. (1994). Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis associated with air travel. JAMA 272:1031-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd= Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=8089885.

Gershon, R. R., Qureshi, K. A., Barrera, M. A., et al. (2005). Health and safety hazards associated with subways: a review. J Urban Health 82:10-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/ query. fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids= 15738339.

Gikas, A., Pediaditis, J., Giti, Z., et al. (1996). Shigellosis on an Italian cruise ship. Lancet 348:1593-4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/ query. fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_ uids=8950912.

Health Protection Agency (London). (1998). Legionella on board a cruise ship. Commun Dis Rep CDR Wkly 8:237. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=9695289.

Hoey, J. (1998). Rubella outbreaks on cruise ships. CMAJ 158:516-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=9627566.

Isaacson, M. (1989). Airport malaria: a review. Bull World Health Organ 67:737-43. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi? cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=2699278.

Jernigan, D. B., Hofmann, J., Cetron, M. S., et al. (1996). Outbreak of Legionnaires' disease among cruise ship passengers exposed to a contaminated whirlpool spa. Lancet 347:494-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=8596266.

The Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense. (2005a). Biological Integrated Detection System (BIDS). http://www.jpeocbd. osd.mil/ca_bids.htm.

The Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense. (2005b). Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS). http://www.jpeocbd.osd.mil/ca _jbpds.htm.

The Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense. (2005c). Joint Biological Standoff Detection System (JBSDS). http://www.jpeocbd.osd.mil/ca_jbsds.htm.

The Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense. (2005d). Joint Portal Shield (JPS). http://www.jpeocbd. osd.mil/ca _jps.htm.

The Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense. (2005e). Joint Project Manager NBC Contamination Avoidance (JPM NBC CA). http://www.jpeocbd.osd.mil/ conavoid.htm.

The Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense. (2005f). Protecting Our Warfighters. http://www.jpeocbd.osd.mil/warfighter.htm.

Jorm, L.,Thackway, S., Churches T, et al. (2003). Watching the

Games: public health surveillance for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. J Epidemiol Community Health 57:102-8.

Keim, P., Smith, K. L., Keys, C., et al. (2001). Molecular investigation of the Aum Shinrikyo anthrax release in Kameido, Japan. J Clin Microbiol 39:4566-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/ query. fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_ uids=11724885.

Kenyon,T. A., Valway, S. E., Ihle,W. W., et al. (1996). Transmission of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis during a long airplane flight. N Engl J Med 334:933-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=8596593.

Kobayashi, A., Yamamoto,Y., Chou S, et al. (2004). Severe

Legionella pneumophila pneumonia associated with the public bath on a cruise ship in Japan. J Anesth 18:129-31. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=15127261.

Lew, J. F., Swerdlow, D. L., Dance, M. E., et al. (1991). An outbreak of shigellosis aboard a cruise ship caused by a multiple-antibiotic-resistant strain of Shigella flexneri. Am J Epidemiol 134:413-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi? cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=1652203.

Lewis, M. D., Pavlin, J.A., Mansfield, J. L., et al. (2002). Disease outbreak detection system using syndromic data in the greater Washington DC area. Am J Prev Med 23:180-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=12350450.

Lipton, E. (2005). E.P.A. report finds lag in monitoring attacks. New York Times, March 25, p. 13.

Lombardo, J., Burkom, H., Elbert, E., et al. (2003). A systems overview of the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics (ESSENCE II). J Urban Health 80(Suppl 1):i32-42. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_ uids=12791777.

Loonsk, J. W. (2004). BioSense—a national initiative for early detection and quantification of public health emergencies. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 53(Suppl):53-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=15714629.

Lumish, R. M., Ryder, R.W.,Anderson, D. C., et al. (1980). Heat-labile enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli induced diarrhea aboard a

Miami-based cruise ship. Am J Epidemiol 111:432-6.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db=

PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6990749.

Marsden-Haug, N., Foster V., Hakre, S., et al. (2005). Evaluation of Joint Services Installation Pilot Project and BioNet Syndromic Surveillance Systems—United States, 2004. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 54(Suppl):194. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/ wk/mm54su01.pdf.

McNeill, W. H. (1989). Plagues and Peoples. New York: Doubleday.

Merson, M. H., Tenney, J. H., Meyers, J. D., et al. (1975). Shigellosis at sea: an outbreak aboard a passenger cruise ship. Am J Epidemiol 101:165-75. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi? cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=1092155.

Military Postal Service Agency. (2004). Biohazard Detection System (BDS) Briefing Sheet. http://hqdainet.army.mil/mpsa/ nov_conf/ppt/pdf/BDS.pdf.

Miller, M. A., Valway S., Onorato, I. M. (1996). Tuberculosis risk after exposure on airplanes. Tuber Lung Dis 77:414-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=8959144.

Mintz, J. (2003). U.S. provides a peek at air sensor program. Washington Post, November 15, p. 3.

Moser, M. R., Bender,T. R., Margolis, H. S., et al. (1979). An outbreak of influenza aboard a commercial airliner. Am J Epidemiol 110:1-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/ query. fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_ uids=463858.

Navy Environmental Health Center. (2005). NEHC Force Health Protection Plan. www-nehc.med.navy.mil/ NEHC_Strategic_Plan.doc.

Novelli, V. M., Lewis, R. G., Dawood, S. T. (1987). Epidemic group A meningococcal disease in Haj pilgrims. Lancet 2:863. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation & list_uids=2889067.

Okumura, T., Ninomiya N.,Ohta, M. (2003). The Chemical Disaster Response System in Japan. Prehosp Disaster Med 18:189-92. http://pdm.medicine.wisc.edu/18-3pdfs/189Okumura.pdf.

Pavlin J., Kelley, P. (2004). Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Systems Programs in Biodefense. In: Lindler L, Lebeda F, Korch G, eds. Infectious Diseases: Biological Weapons Defense: Infectious Diseases and Counterterrorism, 361-85, L., F., G.. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press,Totowa, NJ.

Regan, C. M., McCann, B., Syed, Q., et al. (2003). Outbreak of

Legionnaires' disease on a cruise ship: lessons for international surveillance and control. Commun Dis Public Health 6:152-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=12889297.

Ritzinger, F. R. (1965). Disease transmission by aircraft. Aeromed Rev 4:1-10. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi? cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=5825522.

Roberts, M. (1996). Role of aviation in the transmission of disease. In: DeHart R, ed. Fundamentals of Aerospace Medicine, 2nd ed., Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. pp. 1091.

Rowbotham,T. J. (1998). Legionellosis associated with ships: 1977 to 1997. Commun Dis Public Health 1:146-51. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve &db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=9782626.

Shu, P. Y., Chien, L. J., Chang, S. F., et al. (2005). Fever screening at airports and imported dengue. Emerg Infect Dis 11:460-2. http://www.ncbinlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=15757566.

Simon, H. (2004). DHS bio-detection contracts tied to BioWatch expansion. Aviation Week's Homeland Security and Defense, February 4.

Snyder, J. D., Wells, J. G., Yashuk, J., et al. (1984). Outbreak of invasive Escherichia coli gastroenteritis on a cruise ship. Am J Trop Med Hyg 33:281-4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi? cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6370005.

Telemedicine & Advanced Technology Research Center (U.S. Army Medical Research & Materiel Command). (2004). Integrated Biosurveillance & Bioterrorism Preparedness. Advanced Briefing for Industry, December. http://www.atmeda.org/conf/ 2004.SBOTS.presentations/015_Parker.ppt.

U.S. Air Force. (2005). Air Force Institute for Operational Health (AFIOH) Fact Sheet. http://www.brooks.af.mil/afioh/Files/ 2005 %20AFI0H%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf.

U.S. Army Medical Research and Material Command. (2005). About the Medical Research and Materiel Command. https://mrmc. detrick. army. mil/aboutmrmc. asp.

U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Research Area Directorate IV. (2005). Medical Chemical and Biological Defense Science and Technology Program. http://medchembio. detrick. army. mil/MedBioindex.html.

U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases. (2005). About USAMRIID. http://www.usamriid.army.mil/ aboutpage.htm.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. (2005). Military Postal

Service. http://hqdainet. army. mil/mpsa/nov_conf/ppt/pdf/BDS.pdf.

U.S. Department of Defense. (2005a). DoD 101: An introductory overview of the Department of Defense. http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/dod101/.

U.S. Department of Defense. (2005b). Overall Surveillance and Response System for Infectious Diseases. Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System. http://www.geis.fhp. osd. mil/aboutGEIS. asp.

U.S. Department of Defense. (2005c). Tricare Management Activity. http://www.tricare.osd.mil/tricarehandbook.

U.S. Department of Defense. (2005d). Tricare Military Treatment Facility Locator. http://www.tricare.osd.mil/mtf.

U.S. Department of Defense. (2005e). Tricare Orientation Briefing. http://www.tricare.osd.mil/briefings/TRICARE_101_new_brief.ppt.

U.S. Department of Defense Military Health System. (2005). Force Health Protection and Readiness. http://www.ha.osd.mil/ FHPR/default. cfm.

U.S. Department of the Army. (1977). US Army Activity in the US Biological Warfare Programs. Volume I, Unclassified.

http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB58/RNCBW_ USABWP.pdf.

U.S. Postal Service. (2004). Biohazard Detection System

Deployment Resumes: Statement of Azeezaly S. Jaffer, Vice President, Public Affairs and Communications. Release No. 38. http://www. lunewsviews. com/usps/pcr. htm.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Division. Fact Sheet: BioWatch. Early Detection, Early Response. http://www. milnet. com/wh/DoHS/ BioWatchFactSheetFINAL.pdf.

Uyeki,T. M., Zane, S. B., Bodnar, U. R., et al. (2003). Large summertime influenza A outbreak among tourists in Alaska and the Yukon Territory. Clin Infect Dis 36:1095-102. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=12715302.

Walter Reid Army Institute of Research. (2005). WRAIR Mission. http://wrair-http://www. army.mil/aboutWRAIR/mission. asp.

Waples, P.,Thackway, S., Banwell, K., et al. (2000). Health surveillance on cruise ships during the Sydney 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Games. N S W Public Health Bull 11:150-1. http://www.ncbinlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi=cmd=Retrieve&db= PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=12105462.

Waterman, S. H., Demarcus, T. A., Wells, J. G, et al. (1987).

Staphylococcal food poisoning on a cruise ship. Epidemiol Infect 99:349-53. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi? cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=3678396.

Wenzel, R. P. (1996). Airline travel and infection. N Engl J Med 334:981-2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi? cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=8596601.

White, F. M., Lacey, B.A., Constance, P. D. (1981).An outbreak of poliovirus infection in Alberta—1978. Can J Public Health 72:239-44. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi? cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=7306906.

The White House. (2004). HSPD-10: Biodefense for the 21st Century. Homeland Security Presidential Directive. http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/hspd-10.html.

The White House. (2005). Presidential Decision Directive NSTC-7. http://www.geis.fhp. osd. mil/GEIS/aboutGEIS/historicaldocs/NS T C-7.asp.

World Health Organization. (1946). Constitution of the World Health Organization. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hist/ official_records/constitution.pdf.

World Health Organization. (1999). Spread of meningococcal meningitis by pilgrims returning from the Haj, 1987. http://www. who. int/infectious-disease-report/pages/graph39. html.

World Health Organization. (2005a). 1996—Ebola haemorrhagic fever in South Africa—Update 2. http://www.who.int/ csr/don/1996_11_28b/en/.

World Health Organization. (2005b). About WHO. http://www. who. int/about/en/.

World Health Organization. (2005c). Frequently asked questions about the International Health Regulations. http://www.who.int/ csr/ihr/howtheywork/faq/en/index.html#will.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment