Comments Additional Information

Thisfamcsn be printed from cur website ( by selecting Test Request Form Form 003 /Revision 6/October 25.2004

vitamin fortification occurs. The processor packages the milk and places it into the distribution chain, where it heads (via wholesale distributors) to retail stores and institutional purchasers, including restaurants and catering services. The processor cleans each milk silo every 72 hours.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) inspects milk processing plants under a voluntary program, set up under the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946. Because compliance with USDA standards helps sell milk, participation is high. Inspections are designed to show the extent of a plant's raw milk, equipment, and procedure compliance with standards set forth in 7 CFR 58, subpart B, "General Specifications for Dairy Plants approved by USDA Inspection and Grading Service'' (USDA, 2004a). The USDA will inspect processing plants under this arrangement at frequencies that depend on the plant's status. Usually, inspections are conducted every 5 to 9 months, although plants on probation will be inspected 10 days after the probationary citation.

USDA grades milk by sanitary manufacturing standards. The highest grade of milk is "A,'' which denotes milk that the processor has collected and cooled promptly; that has passed inspection for appearance, odor, and sediment; and that has bacterial cell counts of no more than 500,000 per milliliter. The producer retains milk production data but would send it to USDA as well.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment