Biofeedback Mastery

Biofeedback Mastery

Have you ever wondered what Biofeedback is all about? Uncover these unique information on Biofeedback! Are you in constant pain? Do you wish you could ever just find some relief? If so, you are not alone. Relieving chronic pain can be difficult and frustrating.

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Education And Training In Health Psychology

And rotations as ideal components of postdoctoral training programs. Finally, they recommended at least 6 of 14 techniques and skills for acquisition during the 2-year clinical postdoctoral residency. The list included such techniques and skills as relaxation therapies, psychotherapy (individual, group, family), assessments (neuropsychological, specific client populations such as pain patients), biofeedback, behavior therapy, health promotion, and compliance motivation. The availability of the Internet and the telehealth technology are important training challenges in the science and practice of health psychology.

Theoretical Formulations

The evidence is largely limited to CBT as this form of psychotherapy has been the main focus of evaluation in randomised controlled trials. A few non-CBT psychotherapies have been evaluated but only in the context of control conditions for testing the efficacy of CBT against non-specific treatment effects Most of the early trials compared 'cognitive-behavioural' therapies (cognitive restructuring, relaxation training, biofeedback, systematic desensitisation, anxiety management training) with no treatment, waiting list or psychological placebo. More recent trials have employed more complex and sophisticated combinations of behavioural and cognitive therapies with a more specific focus on worry. Direct comparisons of psychological therapy with pharmacotherapy are very few in number, most notably a comparison of diazepam, CBT and placebo, each alone and in combination (Power et al., 1990), and a comparison of drug and psychological therapy for GAD, panic disorder...

Vulvar Vestibulitis Syndrome

Treatment for vestibulitis is typically guided by the medical model. This model follows a traditional strategy of starting with conservative, non-invasive treatments and progressing to more invasive ones (89). Palliative interventions (e.g., sitz baths) to reduce the pain are the first-line treatment choice for dyspa-reunia. If these are not effective, treatment progresses to topical interventions (e.g., lidocaine, corticosteriods), systemic medications (e.g., oral corticosteriods, antifungals), followed by injectable medical treatments (e.g., interferon), neuro-physiological treatments (e.g., biofeedback, pharmacotherapy), and ending with surgical intervention (e.g., vestibulectomy). However, there is little evidence to support the use of topical, systemic, or injectable treatments. Although one placebo-controlled study of the effectiveness of cromolyn cream (90) and one randomized trial of fluconazole (91) found these treatments to be ineffective for relieving the symptoms of vulvar...

Alternativecomplimentary Treatment

Alternative medicine has been defined as the use of various treatment modalities that are not usually used in traditional medicine, taught in medical schools, or covered by insurance companies. Terminology, however, is changing and these treatments are being incorporated more and more into traditional therapies and hence the term complimentary medicine is now used more frequently (Complimentary-Alternative Medicine CAM ). In 1991, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) established the office for Alternative Medicine to address the growing use of these treatments. It has been estimated that two-thirds of the American population has used some form of CAM (59). Of importance, 70 ofthose patients using CAM did not disclose this use to their physician (60). In 1998 the Alternative Medicine office changed its name to the National Center for Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). Alternative therapies include things such as imagery, biofeedback, acupuncture, reiki, dietary...

Bloodinjury And Injection Phobia

Hypnotherapy (relaxation reinforced with suggestions) or behaviour therapy (relaxation, exposure to anxiety provoking hierarchy, biofeedback) systematic desensitisation (SD) (to graded video scenes, relaxation, EMG biofeedback) alone or SD and 'cognitive coping' SDCC, challenging negative self-statements)


Pelvic muscle exercises (PMEs), eg, Kegel exercises, are recommended for women with SUI. They may also help urge urinary incontinence. PMEs may be performed alone or with biofeedback, vaginal weights, and electrical stimulation of the pelvic floor. The patient is trained to gradually increase the duration of sustained pelvic muscle contractions to at least 10 seconds. Gradually, the number of repetitions is increased to 30 to 50 times per day for at least eight weeks.


The impact of antihypertensive medication on coronary heart disease has been less than expected, however, most likely because of the influence of adverse side effects and poor compliance. There has led to renewed interest in the non-pharmacological management of hypertension, with the aim of reducing stress by focusing on cognitive and behavioural stress coping strategies and reducing sympathetic arousal. Psychological interventions to date have tended to focus on either one or a combination of biofeedback, relaxation and stress-management techniques. An early meta-analysis purporting to assess the efficacy of cognitive behavioural techniques for hypertension included biofeedback, meditation and relaxation as forms of CB therapies, concluding that there was a lack of support for such interventions (Eisenberg et al., 1993). However, Linden and colleagues have suggested that there is such a varied interpretation of the term 'stress management', ranging from transcendental meditation to...


They found only 12 studies of sufficient quality to include in the review. The interventions used included relaxation, autogenic therapy, biofeedback, hypnosis, CBT and psycho-educational programmes. Many studies combined more than one of these techniques making it even more difficult to come to any conclusions about what might be helpful.