• Adhatoda is an important Ayurvedic medicine used in the treatment of cough, asthma, bronchitis and colds.
• Traditional use further includes fever, dysentery, diarrhoea, jaundice, tuberculosis and headache.
• Preliminary evidence suggests that adhatoda may have bronchodilator activity and inhibit allergen-induced bronchoconstriction; however, clinical studies are unavailable to determine clinical significance.
• Antitussive effects comparable to those of codeine have also been reported in animal studies in which cough has been peripherally induced.
• Adhatoda has been used to stimulate the birthing process and aid healing afterwards and may have abortifacient activity.
• Overall, little clinical evidence is available, so much of the available information is speculative and based on in vitro and animal research and traditional use.
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