Flower heads, gathered in summer when they are dry, and carefully dried at low temperatures. Essential oil extracted by steam distillation of the flower heads.
Clinical note — The difference between German and Roman chamomile.
Chamomilla recutita is widely distributed in waste lands and in the neglected fields of Europe, particularly in Croatia and Hungary. Selected varieties are cultivated (Bruneton 1995). Many plants are referred to as chamomile or have the word 'chamomile' as part of their common name. Of the large number of species of chamomile growing in Europe, North Africa and the temperate region of Asia, five grow wild in the United Kingdom and Europe. Wild varieties are German chamomile (C. recutita), Roman chamomile (C. nobiie (L.)), foetid or stinking mayweed (Anthemis cotula), corn chamomile (Anthemis arvensis), and yellow chamomile (Grieve 1976).
Roman chamomile, or Chamaemeium nobiie (L.) (Anthemis nobiie L.) is the 'chamomile' often referred to in English herbals. It has similar uses to the German chamomile, such as an aromatic bitter for digestive conditions, antispasmodic agent, mild sedative, and topically for its anti-inflammatory and mild analgesic properties.
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