Historical note Indigenous Australians traditionally used eucalyptus to treat fevers and respiratory infections, accounting for its name 'fevertree'. European settlers also recognised the medicinal qualities of eucalyptus and surgeon Considen is credited with producing the first essential oil sample in 1 788. Bosisto investigated oils from several Australian plants and in 1 854 eventually produced essential oils commercially in association with Mueller, a pharmacist. Bosisto and Mueller concentrated on oils rich in 1,8-cineole, which includes Eucalyptus species. In the late 1 800s, articles about its medicinal use appeared in medical journals such as The Lancet, focusing on its potential in scarlet fever and diphtheria.
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