Historical note Creatine was first discovered in 1832 when it was identified in meat. The word creatine is derived from the Greek kreasior flesh, similar to the word 'creature'. About 1 5 years later, the meat from foxes killed in the wild were found to have 1 0-fold more creatine than meat from domesticated foxes, suggesting that physical exercise must influence the amount of creatine that accumulates in muscles. Early last century orally consumed creatine was shown to be partly retained in the body and able to increase creatine content in muscles, leading some to suspect this could influence the performance of muscles. Nowadays, creatine monohydrate enjoys enormous popularity as a sports supplements and is being recommended to elite athletes by respected sporting bodies such as the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS).
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