Antifungal And Antibacterial

The in vitro evidence of antifungal and antibacterial activity is overwhelming. In vitro results find that tea tree oil has activity against a range of yeasts and fungi found in common mucosal and skin infections such as Corynebacterium spp., Klebsiella pneumoniae, Micrococcus spp. (M. luteus, M. varians), Propionibacterium acnes, Streptococcus pyogenes, Trichomonas vaginalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, A. baumannii, Staphylococcus spp. (5. aureus, S. capitis, S. epidermidis, S. haemolyticus, © 2007 Elsevier Australia

5. hominis, 5. marcescens, 5. saprophyticus, 5. warneri, and 5. xylosus) and Candida spp. (Bagg et al 2006, Carson et al 2006, Concha et al 1998, De Mondello et al 2003, Hada et al 2001, Hammer etal 1996, 1998, Messageretal 2005, Murray 1995, Papadopoulos et al 2006).

Tea tree oil disrupts the permeability barrier of cell membrane structures of microorganisms and denatures proteins (Carson et al 2002, Cox et al 2000, Gustafson et al 1998). This activity is similar to disinfectants such as chlorhexidine and quaternary ammonium compounds.

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