Summary

Recommended target areas for health promotion in general practice include:

nutrition

• weight control

• substance abuse and control o smoking o alcohol o other drugs

• exercise practices

• appropriate sleep, rest and recreation

• safe sexual practices

• promotion of self-esteem and personal growth

• stress management

Important health promotion recommendations are to encourage patients: 12

• to cease smoking

• to reduce alcohol intake to safe levels o women no more than two standard drinks per day o men no more than three standard drinks per day o three alcohol-free days per week

• to limit caffeine intake to three drinks per day

• to increase regular physical activity o 30 minutes per day for 3 days per week, sufficient to produce a sweat

• to reduce fasting plasma cholesterol to 4.8 mmol per litre

• to have a diastolic BP of less than 90 mm of mercury

• to have a body mass index of between 20 and 25

• to reduce fat, refined sugar and salt intake in all food

• to increase dietary fibre to 30 grams per day

• to build up their circle of friends who offer emotional support

• to express their feelings rather than suppress them

• to discuss their problems regularly with some other person

• to work continuously to improve their relationships with people

• not to drive a car when angry, upset or after drinking

• to practise safe sex

• to have an HIV antibody check before entering a relationship

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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