Seven masquerades checklist

Depression, diabetes, drugs, spinal dysfunction and urinary tract infection can all cause abdominal pain although the pain may be more subacute or chronic. Abdominal pain and even tenderness can accompany diabetic ketoacidosis. Drugs that can cause abdominal pain are listed in Table 30.4 . Spinal dysfunction of the lower thoracic spine and thoracolumbar junction can cause referred pain to the abdomen (Fig 30.1). The pain is invariably unilateral, radicular in distribution, and related to activity. It can be confused with intra-abdominal problems such as biliary disease (right-sided), appendicitis and Crohn's disease (right side), diverticular disease (left-sided) and pyelonephritis.

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Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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