Primary prevention

Primary prevention includes action taken to avert the occurrence of disease. As a result there is no disease. Primary preventive strategies include:

1. education to bring about changes in lifestyle factors known to be associated with diseases, e.g. smoking cessation, healthily balanced diets, reduction in alcohol intake, exercise

2. sterilisation of surgical instruments and other medical equipment

3. eradication as with vector control of mosquitoes to prevent malaria

4. immunisation against infective diseases

5. sanitation, keeping our water supplies clean and disposing efficiently of sewage and industrial wastes

6. legislation to ensure that some of these primary preventive measures are carried out.

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