Population groups 2

The socioeconomically disadvantaged Goal

• To reduce significantly differences in death rates, illness and the prevalence of health risk factors between socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged Australians.

Table 10.1 Health promotion areas in which goals and targets have been set

Population groups

The socioeconomically disadvantaged, Aborigines, migrants, women, men, older people, children and adolescents.

Major causes of illness and death

Heart disease and stroke, cancers (including lung, breast, cervical and skin cancer), injury, communicable diseases, musculoskeletal disease, diabetes, disability, dental disease, mental illness, asthma.

Risk factors

Drugs (including tobacco smoking, alcohol misuse, pharmaceutical misuse or abuse, illicit drugs and substance abuse), nutrition, physical inactivity, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, occupational health hazards, unprotected sexual activity, environmental health hazards.

Source: Health Targets and Implementation Committee 5

Aborigines Goal

• To reduce significantly the gap in health status between Aborigines and the rest of the Australian population.

Migrants Goals

• To ensure that the health advantage of migrants on arrival in Australia is not eroded by the adoption of less healthy lifestyles or environments.

• To ensure that the special health needs of refugees on arrival in Australia are met.

Women Goal

• To improve the overall health and well-being of Australian women. Target

• To be determined as part of the National Women's Health Policy.

Men Goals

• To improve the overall health and well-being of Australian men.

• To reduce the incidence of premature death among Australian men, especially in lower socioeconomic groups.

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