Key points

• Misdiagnosis is common as transient symptoms may be mistaken for an emotional or psychiatric disorder. Many cases take years to diagnose.

• Dystonias are often regarded as nervous tics.

• The cause is thought to be disorders of the basal ganglia of the brain, but mainly there is no known specific cause.

• Neuroleptic and dopamine receptor blocking agents (e.g. levodopa, metoclopramide) can induce a severe generalised dystonia, e.g. oculogyric crisis, which is treated with benztropine 12 mg IM or IV. 16

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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