Important landmarks

The surface anatomy of the lumbar region is the basis for determining the vertebral level. Key anatomical landmarks include the iliac crest, spinous processes, the sacrum and the posterior superior iliac spines (PSISs).

• The tops of the iliac crest lie at the level of the L4-L5 interspace (or the L4 spinous process).

line projected froiri tops of iliac crests usually bisects

L4—LS interspace p&SteriOr-superior iliac spine

Fig. 33.4 Surface anatomy and important landmarks of the lumbosacral spine

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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