Summary of diagnostic strategy model for abnormal hiccough

1. Q. Probability diagnosis

1. Food and alcohol excess Psychogenic/functional Postoperative

■ gastric distension

■ phrenic nerve irritation

2. Q. Serious disorders not to be missed

1. Neoplasia

■ oesophagus

■ lung Subphrenic abscess Myocardial infarction/pericarditis CNS disorders, e.g. CVA, infection

3. Q. Pitfalls

1. Alcohol excess Smoking Aerophagy GIT disorders

■ oesophagitis

■ hiatus hernia

■ cholecystitis

■ hepatomegaly


Sudden temperature change Neck cysts and vascular abnormalities

4. Q. Seven masquerades checklist

A. Depression -

Diabetes -

Drugs x

Anaemia -

Thyroid disease -Spinal dysfunction possible

5. Q. Is the patient trying to tell me something?

1. Emotional causes always to be considered.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment