Communicable diseases Goals

• To reduce the incidence of death and disability caused by communicable diseases for which immunisation is available.

• To eradicate measles, hepatitis B and rubella embryopathy.

• To minimise illness due to communicable diseases not preventable through immunisation by promoting accurate diagnosis and effective infection control procedures.

Targets

• To ensure that evidence of a completed immunisation schedule is used as a condition of primary school enrolment, with exemptions being granted for defined medical, personal or religious reasons.

• To eradicate indigenous measles.

• To ensure use of a combined measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine in all immunisation programs for children.

• To increase immunity against rubella to 90% or more of women aged 15 to 34 years.

• To increase participation in screening for hepatitis B surface antigen just before childbirth, of individuals at a high risk of being infected.

• To ensure that hepatitis B immunoglobulin and a complete course of vaccination is given to all newborn infants of women identified as carriers.

• To increase vaccination against hepatitis B of newborn infants in populations which have 10% or more of their individuals identified as carriers.

• To ensure that a contingency plan for the control of epidemics of Australian encephalitis and other mosquito-transmitted diseases is developed.

• To ensure that maps of the mosquito breeding sites associated with the spread of viral diseases are prepared.

• To ensure that knowledge of the avoidance of sexually transmitted diseases is gained by adolescents aged 15 years.

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