• Not treating women with dysuria and frequency merely because there are < 10 5 cfu/ mL in an MSU
• Overtreating women with acute cystitis and normal urinary tracts; single-dose therapy is effective in 70-80% of cases, and overtreatment often leads to vaginal candidiasis or antibioticinduced diarrhoea
• Using single-dose therapy in patients with known anatomical abnormalities
• Failing to consider chronic prostatic infection in men with recurrent UTI and a normal IVU
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