The classical symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes are:
• tiredness and fatigue
• propensity for infections, especially of the skin and genitals (vaginal thrush)
The young insulin dependent diabetic typically presents with a brief 2-4 week history of the classic triad of symptoms:
Thirst Polyuria Weight loss
Other symptoms are:
• vulvovaginitis (due to Candida albicans)
• pruritus vulvae (due to Candida albicans)
• balanitis (due to Candida albicans)
• nocturnal enuresis (type I)
• blurred vision/visual changes
Symptoms of complications (may be presenting feature)
• staphylococcal skin infections
• polyneuropathy o tingling or numbness in feet o pain (can be severe if present)
• arterial disease o myocardial ischaemia o peripheral vascular disease
The clinical examination should follow the guidelines under the heading 'Examinations' in Table 17.5 .
Was this article helpful?
Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...