Chronic renal failure

I have never yet examined the body of a patient dying with dropsy attended by albuminous urine, in whom some obvious derangement was not discovered in the kidneys.

Richard Bright 1827

Chronic renal failure (CRF) is defined as a severe reduction in nephron mass over an extended period of time resulting in uraemia. 1 It is not common but can present surreptitiously and be a real master of disguise in clinical practice. Asymptomatic CRF may be discovered on routine health screening, as a chance finding in hospitalised or hypertensive patients, or during follow-up of patients with known renal disease. 2

Body Language

Body Language

Is a handshake really just a mere handshake, or does it express so much more? Discover Body Language and How it Can Benefit You. You will never be in the dark again on a persons mood when you can read their body language!

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment