Chronic renal failure

I have never yet examined the body of a patient dying with dropsy attended by albuminous urine, in whom some obvious derangement was not discovered in the kidneys.

Richard Bright 1827

Chronic renal failure (CRF) is defined as a severe reduction in nephron mass over an extended period of time resulting in uraemia. 1 It is not common but can present surreptitiously and be a real master of disguise in clinical practice. Asymptomatic CRF may be discovered on routine health screening, as a chance finding in hospitalised or hypertensive patients, or during follow-up of patients with known renal disease. 2

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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