References

Individual differences in skill learning An integration of psychometric and information processing perspectives. Psychological Bulletin, 102, 3-27. Ackerman, P. L., & Cianciolo, A. T. (1999). Psychomotor abilities via touch-panel testing Measurement innovations, construct, and criterion validity. Human Performance, 12, 231-273. Ackerman, P. L., & Heggestad, E. D. (1997). Intelligence, personality, and interests Evidence for overlapping traits. Psychological...

Info

Salient loadings are bolded. g general intelligence Gc crystalized intelligence Gf fluid intelligence. Source Adapted from Carroll (1993, p. 95). Note. Salient loadings are bolded. g general intelligence Gc crystalized intelligence Gf fluid intelligence. Source Adapted from Carroll (1993, p. 95). group factors (reading comprehension, logical reasoning, spatial ability, etc.) explained about 10 of the variance in test scores, and he attributed the remaining 40 to specific factors and error...

Training As Learning

A second influential paper sparking the resurgence of interest in training research was a chapter by Howell and Cooke (1989) entitled Training the Information Processor A Review of Cognitive Models. The chapter introduced training research to the field of cognitive psychology. Since training is about facilitating learning, and a significant strand of cognitive psychology research involves how humans learn, it is somewhat curious that it took training scholars as long as it did to connect to...

Social Intelligence

Lezak's (1995) report of a surgeon who became a truck driver needing special assistance despite intact reasoning abilities demonstrates that more than g is required for successful job performance. The executive functions summarized by Banich (1997) suggest several types of assessments that might be related to job performance. This section addresses the usefulness of interpersonal skills or social intelligence as predictors of performance in the workplace. To understand the relation of social...

Definitions of the Variables

Declarative knowledge is knowledge about facts and things (Campbell, 1990). As noted by Campbell, examples of declarative knowledge include knowledge of facts, principles, goals, and self. In the context of Campbell and colleagues' model of performance, declarative knowledge consists of knowledge of performance-relevant tasks and behaviors. Similar to cognitive ability, declarative knowledge can be conceived as a hierarchical arrangement of knowledges at differing levels of specificity. For...