Vascular complications are seen in less than 10% of renal transplant recipients, but they are an important cause of graft dysfunction. In contrast to other causes of transplant dysfunction, vascular complications have a high associated morbidity and mortality. After vascular lesions are identified, it is usually easy to the repair them.
Traditional angiography used to be the standard for the diagnosis of vascular complications, however, ultrasound performed with duplex and colour Doppler modes is an excellent non-invasive modality for evaluating the affected vessels. This followed by the MRA (Magnetic Resonance Angiography), which is also non-invasive.
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