Proteins Peptides Must Be Purified Prior To Analysis

Highly purified protein is essential for determination of its amino acid sequence. Cells contain thousands of different proteins, each in widely varying amounts. The isolation of a specific protein in quantities sufficient for analysis thus presents a formidable challenge that may require multiple successive purification techniques. Classic approaches exploit differences in relative solubility of individual proteins as a function of pH (isoelectric precipitation), polarity (precipitation with ethanol or acetone), or salt concentration (salting out with ammonium sulfate). Chromatographic separations partition molecules between two phases, one mobile and the other stationary. For separation of amino acids or sugars, the stationary phase, or matrix, may be a sheet of filter paper (paper chromatography) or a thin layer of cellulose, silica, or alumina (thin-layer chro-matography; TLC).

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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