Overcoming Agoraphobia and Extreme Anxiety Disorders

Overcoming Agoraphobia & Extreme Anxiety Disorders

After reading Overcoming Agoraphobia & Extreme Anxiety Disorders, youll be given a better understanding of all things related to the condition, so that you dont have to be afraid anymore. If youve been suffering for any amount of time, dont allow yourself to feel hopeless and alone. This problem is more common than you might think and the first step to overcoming any anxiety issue is by learning all you can about it. Find out what causes panic disorders and discover how you can create a different life for yourself starting today. Here are just a few things youll learn by reading this complete anxiety guide: What anxiety is and why it happensHow anxiety can lead to panic disordersWhat agoraphobia is and how to know if youre at riskHow to recognize symptoms of agoraphobia and how to manage itAn overview of the different types of anxiety disordersWhat you can do to improve this condition once and for allHow to fight the root of anxiety and panic disorders stressWhether or not adrenal fatigue is the cause of your problemsHelpful therapy options that have been proven to be effectiveAlternative remedies for stress, depression and panic disorders

Overcoming Agoraphobia & Extreme Anxiety Disorders Summary

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Contents: EBook
Author: Tom Lawler

My Overcoming Agoraphobia & Extreme Anxiety Disorders Review

Highly Recommended

I usually find books written on this category hard to understand and full of jargon. But the author was capable of presenting advanced techniques in an extremely easy to understand language.

This book served its purpose to the maximum level. I am glad that I purchased it. If you are interested in this field, this is a must have.

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Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder characterized by intense fear related to being in situations from which escape might be difficult or embarrassing (i.e., being on a bus or train), or in which help might not be available in the event of a panic attack or panic symptoms. Panic is defined as extreme and unreasonable fear and anxiety. According to the handbook used by mental health professionals to diagnose mental disorders, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision, also known as the DSM-IV-TR, patients with agoraphobia are typically afraid of such symptoms as feeling dizzy, having an attack of diarrhea, fainting, or going crazy. The word agoraphobia comes from two Greek words that mean fear and marketplace. The anxiety associated with agoraphobia leads to avoidance of situations that involve being outside one's home alone, being in crowds, being on a bridge, or traveling by car or public transportation. Agoraphobia may intensify to the...

Pharmacological Toxicological Effects 51 Neurological Effects

A randomized, 25-week, placebo-controlled study by Volz and Kieser showed a significant benefit from the use of kava-kava extract WS 1490 over placebo in treating anxiety disorders of nonpsychotic origin. The study included 101 patients suffering from agoraphobia, specific phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, or adjustment disorder with anxiety as per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised who

The Therapeutic Relationship

A 46 year-old woman suffered from social anxiety and agoraphobia. Initially, treatment (exposure in vivo) appeared to be going smoothly, but as the exercises progressed treatment halted. The patient started cancelling appointments and when she did show up she had not completed the assignments. In view of the initial smooth progress, the therapist hypothesized that the stagnation might have to do with fears associated with definitive improvement of the complaints. Inquiry revealed that the patient dreaded having to go back to work for her father, whom she described as an authoritarian man whom she felt unable to stand up to. As a result of this discussion, the functional analysis and treatment plan were revised and patient and therapist agreed to include assertiveness training as part of the treatment.

Summary And Conclusions

Exposure therapies are the treatment of choice in adult specific phobia, social phobia, agoraphobia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (Emmelkamp, 2004) and have also been found quite effective in phobic children (Nauta et al., 2003). Studies of the behavioural treatment of depression have come to a standstill due to the rise of cognitive therapy in this area but the lack of further research into the behavioural treatment of depression is not justified by the data. There are still a number of important issues that need to be addressed. For example, we have no idea why cognitive therapy, behavioural interventions, IPT and pharmacotherapy work equally well with depressed patients, although various researchers provide various theoretical explanations. Unfortunately, to date there is no evidence that

Causes and symptoms

Genetics also plays a pivotal role in the development of panic disorder. Twin studies have demonstrated that there is a higher concordance in identical versus fraternal twins thus supporting the idea that panic disorders are inherited. Family studies have also demonstrated that panic attacks run in families. Relatives of patients with panic disorder are four to 10 times more likely to develop panic disorder. People who develop early onset of panic attacks in their mid-20s are more likely to have relatives who have panic disorder. When relatives of patients with panic disorder are exposed to high levels of carbon dioxide, they have panic attacks. Another hypothesis is that patients with panic disorder who develop agoraphobia have a more severe form of the disease. Current efforts to identify a gene for panic disorder have not been successful. Symptoms of panic disorder without agoraphobia The DSM-IV-TR criteria for panic disorder without agoraphobia include no agoraphobia...

Nonpsychotic Disorders

Phobias are irrational, persisting fears of some object, person, or situation. One of the most common phobias is agoraphobia, an abnormal fear of being alone or in open, public places, where escape might be difficult in case of a panic attack. Recurring panic attacks triggered by specific stimuli or situations are usually diagnosed as panic disorder. The role ofgeneralized anxiety in neurotic conditions is particularly apparent in phobias and panic attacks, but it is also important in obsessive-compulsive behavior. In this disorder, obsessions recurring thoughts or ideas and compulsions specific behaviors performed in a rigid, repetitive manner-serve the function of controlling anxiety.

Psychological Assessment As A Tool For Treatment Planning

The ability to predict outcomes is going to vary from test to test and even within individual tests, depending on the population being assessed and what one would like to predict. For example, Chambless, Renneberg, Goldstein, and Gracely (1992) were able to detect predictive differences in MCMI-II-identified (Millon, 1987) personality disorder patients seeking treatment for agoraphobia and panic attacks. Patients classified as having an MCMI-II avoidant disorder were more likely to have poorer outcomes on measures of depression, avoidance, and social phobia than those identified as having dependent or histrionic personality disorders. Also, paranoid personality disorder patients were likely to drop out before receiving

Internalizing Disorders Anxiety Disorders

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Persistent anxiety (a duration of at least 1 month) after an overwhelming traumatic event that is outside the range of usual human experience. The response to the event involved intense fear, helplessness, horror, or disorganized or agitated behavior. Symptoms include reexperiencing the traumatic event (e.g., intrusive recollections, repetitive play, frightening dreams), avoidance of associated stimuli and numbing of general responsiveness (e.g., avoidance of thoughts and feelings associated with the trauma, restricted range of emotion), and extreme arousal (e.g., sleep difficulties, hypervigilance). Panic disorder and agoraphobia Recurrent unexpected panic attacks followed by at least 1 month of persistent concern about having another, constant worry about the consequences of the attacks, or a significant change in behavior related to the attacks. The main feature of agoraphobia is anxiety about and avoidance of places or situations from which...

Prevalence Of Latelife Depression And Anxiety

Depression is often thought of as the common cold of geriatric mental health but Blazer (1997) states that anxiety is more common than major depression in later life. Using data from the ECA, Regier et al. (1988) reported one-month prevalence rates of 5.5 for older adults. As with depression, anxiety was less common in later life as the prevalence rate was 7.3 for younger adults (for review see Powers et al., 2002). Lindesay, Brigs & Murphy (1989) reported prevalence rates of 10 overall for anxiety disorders in their older adults sample. In older people, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and the phobias (agoraphobia,

Anxiety Disorders A Panic Disorder

Symptoms resembling panic attacks are common in cultures where members have strong beliefs in witchcraft or evil spirit attacks (Castillo, 1997 Kirmayer, Young, & Hayton, 1995). For example, trembling or shaking, chest pain, fear of dying, palpitations, and other symptoms for Panic Disorder are generally reported by Hispanics with intensive fears of malign magic, malevolent attacks by witchcraft, or evil spirit attacks. These symptoms resemble the culture-bound syndrome named ataques de nervios among Hispanics (DSM-IV, 1994 Kirmayer et al., 1995 see Table I). The DSM-IV (1994), however, pointed out that the association of most ataques with a precipitating event and the frequent absence of the hallmark symptoms of acute fear or apprehensions distinguish these ataques from Panic Disorder (p. 845). Another culture-bound syndrome resembling Panic Disorder is Ode-ori (Table I), which is often reported among the Nigerian culture and is characterized by sensations of parasites crawling in...

Flying Phobia

Nevertheless, studies of comorbid disorders in people with flying phobia, claustrophobia, agoraphobia with panic and social phobia, suggest imaginings (McNally & Louro, 1992 Van Gerwen et al., 1997 Wilhelm, 1997) such as suffocating and dying of a heart attack during a panic or causing a visible commotion and provoking ridicule. Those who report agoraphobia express little concern about the occurrence and consequences of the aircraft crashing (McNally & Louro, 1992). Although there have been descriptions of passengers using alcohol to excess and losing control, so that airlines now enforce prosecution, there appear to be no surveys of alcohol use and fear of flying. In civilians, quality of life may be impaired by flying phobia. For example, it might prevent them from flying when it is essential in their employment. In military personnel, whose training entails great expense, the phobia may require aircrew to be retrained or taken off flying duties. Excluded but anxiety,...

Downward Departure

The courts have labeled the following as 'mental or emotion conditions' ineligible for downward departure being a 'victim of spousal abuse' (United States v. Desorneaux, 1991), 'borderline intelligence' (UnitedStates v. Lauzon, 1991), 'suicidal tendencies' (UnitedStates v. Harpst, 1991), 'compulsive gambling' (UnitedStates v. Rosen, 1990), and 'HIV-positive status or AIDS' (United States v. Rabins, 1995 United States v. Woody, 1995). One federal court, however, did find 'panic disorder with agoraphobia' (United States v. Garza-Juarez, 1993) and having suffered 'extraordinary childhood abuse' (United States v. Roe, 1992) to justify downward departures. Another court even held that an offender's 'potential for victimization' in prison, due to his small size, immature appearance and bisexual orientation, merited a downward departure (United States v. Lara, 1990).