What is domestication

Domestication is a process by which certain species of wild animals have been brought into close relationship with humans and thereby significantly changed the animals' ways of life. The process of domestication has been long and complicated, with unforeseeable consequences for both concerned sides. The consequences resulted in significant economic, social, cultural, and political changes.

The process of domestication is similar to that of evolution, except that the natural choice was made with artificial selection. Humans violently separated the ancestors of domestic animals from their wild relatives and step by step, generation after generation, also changed their appearence and features. This selection probably proceeded at first only accidentally. Only later, when humans noticed certain connections, did they start to use purposeful selection for different economic, cultural, or aesthetic reasons.

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