Resources

Books

Altringham, J. D. Bats: Biology and Behaviour. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Anderson, D. F., and S. Eberhardt. Understanding Flight. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001.

Fenton, M. Bats. New York: Checkmark Books, 2001.

Fenton, M. Just Bats. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983.

Hall, L., and G. Richards. Flying Foxes: Fruit and Blossom Bats of Australia. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company, 2000.

Hildebrand, M. Analysis of Vertebrate Structure, 4th edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1995.

Hill, J. E., and J. D. Smith. Bats: A Natural History, 1st edition. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1984.

Neuweiler, G. The Biology of Bats. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Norberg, U. "Flying, Gliding and Soaring." In Functional Vertebrate Morphology, edited by M. Hildebrand, D. Bramble, K. Liem, and D. Wake. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1985.

Norberg, U. "Wing Form and Flight Mode in Bats." In Recent Advances in the Study of Bats, edited by M. B. Fenton, P. Racey, and J. Rayner. London: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Vaughan, T., J. Ryan, and N. Czaplewski. Mammalogy, 5th edition. Philadelphia: Saunders College Publishing, 1999.

Welty, J., L. Baptista, and C. Welty. The Life of Birds, 5th edition. New York: Saunders College Publishing, 1997.

Periodicals

Carpenter, R. E. "Flight Physiology of Australian Flying Foxes, Pteropus poliocephalus." Journal of Experimental Biology, 114 (1984): 619-647.

Maina, J. N. "What It Takes to Fly: The Structural and Functional Respiratory Refinements in Birds and Bats."

Journal of Experimental Biology, 203 (2000): 3045-3064.

Morris, S., A. Curtin, and M. Thompson. "Heterothermy, Torpor, Respiratory Gas Exchange, Water Balance and the Effect of Feeding in Gould's Long-eared Bat (Nyctophilus gouldi)." Journal of Experimental Biology, 197 (1994): 309-335.

Padian, K. "The Origins and Aerodynamics of Flight in Extinct Vertebrates." Palaeontology 28 (1985): 4132-433.

van Aardt, J., G. Bronner, and M. de Necker. "Oxygen Dissociation Curves of Whole Blood from the Egyptian Free-tailed Bat, Tadarida aegyptiaca E. Geoffroy, Using a Thin-layer Optical Cell." African Zoology, 37, no. 1 (April 2002): 109-113.

Watts, P., E. Mitchell, and S. Swartz. "A Computational Model for Estimating the Mechanics of Horizontal Flapping Flight in Bats: Model Description and Validation."

Journal of Experimental Biology, 204 (2001): 2873-2898.

Other

Auditory Neuroethology Lab Webpage. University of Maryland, College Park. 2002.

<http://www.bsos.umd.edu/psych/batlab>.

Swartz Lab Webpage. Brown University, Providence, RI. 2003. <http://www.brown.edu/Departments/EEB/EML/about/ about.html>.

Vertebrate Flight Exhibit Webpage. University of California, Berkeley. January 11, 1996. <http://www.ucmp.berkeley .edu/vertebrates/flight/enter.html>.

Weinstein, R. Simulation and Visualization of Airflow around Chiroptera Wings during Flight. Brown University, Providence, RI. May 1, 2002. <http://www.cs.brown.edu/ rlweinst/bat.pdf>.

Marcus Young Owl, PhD

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