Resources

Books

Macdonald, D. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Nowak, R. "Order Monotremata." In Walker's Mammals of the World, Vol I, 6th edition. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.

Quirk, S., and M. Archer. Prehistoric Animals of Australia. Sydney: Australian Museum, 1983.

Strahan, R. The Mammals of Australia. Carlton, Australia: Reed New Holland, 1995.

Periodicals

Flannery, T. F., M. Archer, T. H. Rich, and R. Jones. "A New Family of Monotremes from the Cretaceous of Australia." Nature 377 (1995): 418-420.

Amy-Jane Beer, PhD

Class Mammalia Order Monotremata Family Tachyglossidae

Thumbnail description

Small to medium, terrestrial, invertebrate-feeding, egg-laying mammal, characterized by a head with large brain and narrow beak-like snout covered with leathery skin, minute mouth opening under the tip of the beak, no teeth, worm-like tongue, small external eyes, large ear slits, stocky, rounded body covered with spines and fur, powerful front digging limbs, and backwards rotated hind limbs

Size

Number of genera, species

2 genera; 4 species

Habitat

Forests, grasslands, heath, shrublands, and woodlands

Conservation status

Endangered: 3 species; Lower Risk/Near Threatened: 1 species

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