Infectious disease

Infectious disease can spread across people, wildlife populations, and domesticated animals. Transmission of infectious agents from domesticated species (e.g., dogs, cattle, water buf falo) to sympatric wildlife can result in a range of potentially fatal infectious diseases. Canine distemper virus is believed to have caused several fatal epidemics among African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), silverback jackals (Canis mesomelas), and bat-eared foxes (Otocyon megalotis) in the Serengeti. Populations of African lions (Panthera leo) and cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) have probably been affected by diseases transmitted from domestic cats. Problems of disease transmission from wildlife to domesticated animals and human beings may also be severe, but they are beyond the scope of this essay.

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