The Axial Skeleton

The axial skeleton is the central framework of the human body. It includes the skull, the vertebral column (spine), and the thoracic cage (chest or rib cage). Figure 4-3A. Anterior view of the human skeleton. Figure 4-3A. Anterior view of the human skeleton. Figure 4-3B. Posterior view of the human skeleton. Figure 4-3B. Posterior view of the human skeleton. a. Vertebral Column (Spine). The vertebral column, or spine, is made up of a vertical series of bony blocks called vertebrae. These...